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DPRK is not the Aggressor

April 2017 Update -

Will Russia & China Defend North Korea From USA The Aggressor? Diplomatic Peoples Republic of Korea's Long Standing Non-Aggression in The Face of Genocidal Embargoes and Ongoing Threat of Annihilation by Coalition Forces

Korea Crisis: Threats Do Not Promote Human Rights

By Caleb T. Maupin

Global Research, April 27, 2017 26 April 2017

While the international community has widely condemned the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK) for its withdrawal from the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty and proliferation of nuclear weapons, there are clearly differing attitudes about how to resolve the unfolding tensions in the region.

In addition to the dangerous talk of a unilateral military attack, the United States is also working to economically isolate the DPRK. Efforts are made by the United States to prevent the DPRK from purchasing the petroleum needed to operate its agricultural system and to prevent the country from selling its coal on the international markets. Pressure is increasingly put on China to cooperate with U.S. efforts to isolate the country, efforts which essentially consist of taking food from the mouths of Korean families, as retribution for nuclear proliferation.

At the same time as they are engaging in efforts to threaten and economically isolate the DPRK, U.S. leaders continue to invoke the concept of “human rights” in the process. Officials in the U.S. contend that the leaders of the DPRK are “violating the rights” of their people, and that their economic sanctions and military threats are justified because of this.

The USS Michigan nuclear-powered submarine arrives at port of Busan, South Korea, April 25, 2017. [Photo/Xinhua]

When speaking about human rights in the DPRK, Western leader’s words are tainted by obvious hypocrisy. While human rights allegations against the DPRK are based on the unproven claims of defectors, there is no dispute about the crimes of the U.S.-aligned Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

Saudi Arabia is an absolute monarchy which beheads, tortures, flogs, and mutilates its citizens routinely. Saudis, both foreign guest workers and citizens, have been executed for crimes like “sorcery” or “insulting the King.” This does not stop the United States from remaining economically and militarily tied to this regime, even as it engages in war crimes against its neighbors in Yemen.

Furthermore, with their actions against the DPRK, U.S. leaders seem to forget that the conditions created by military threats and economic isolation are not conducive to human rights. In all societies it is recognized that the right to free assembly and freedom of speech can and must be put on hold in conditions of war. When facing a foreign foe, societies of all types become more authoritarian and militarized. Placing the DPRK into a situation where it anticipates foreign attacks or invasion is highly unlikely to result in democratic reforms. The same can be said for sabotaging the DPRK’s economy.

If anything, the road to human rights on the Korean Peninsula is not economic isolation, but economic integration. Human history demonstrates that if the level of prosperity and development increases in a country, the level of transparency and civil freedoms increases along with it.

If Western corporations were to reach an understanding with the DPRK, and create joint ventures and free economic zones, the likelihood of imminent war would immediately decrease. Western corporations and the DPRK’s leadership would both have a direct material interest in ensuring peace, so the economic cooperation could continue. If the DPRK were able to see its standard of living rise and military threats decrease, it would be far more open to scaling back the state of war and preparedness that has defined it since the 1950s, and escalated since the 1990s.

Xi Jinping‘s leadership of China and the “Belt and Road” policy are based on this fundamental understanding that peace and human rights are linked to economic stability. Franklin Delano Roosevelt, the former president of the United States, expressed similar sentiments saying:

“People who are hungry, people who are without jobs, are the stuff of which dictatorships are made.”

As tensions increase on the Korean peninsula and throughout the Pacific, leaders should carefully consider, not how punitive or crushing their actions can be, but rather, what will be their actual results. The peace, human rights, and expanding economic development — the shared goal of all rational human beings — are not being advanced by threats of war or economic isolation of the DPRK.

Caleb Maupin is a journalist and political analyst who resides in New York City focusing on U.S. foreign policy and the global system of monopoly capitalism and imperialism.

The original source of this article is

Copyright © Caleb T. Maupin,, 2017

Trump’s North Korean Obsession

By Federico Pieraccini

Global Research, April 27, 2017

Strategic Culture Foundation

Since Donald Trump‘s victory, tensions in the Korean Peninsula have reached almost unprecedented levels. This aggressive approach from the new administration has accentuated tensions with Pyongyang, leaving one to wonder whether another US war is in the making.

During the election campaign, Trump often took ambiguous and, in some respects, isolationist positions concerning hotspots around the world. The exception to this rule has often been North Korea. Business Insider cites the current US president speaking in January of 2016 about the DPRK with the following words about its nuclear program:

“We got to close it down, because he’s getting too close to doing something. Right now, he’s probably got the weapons, but he does not have the transportation system. Once he has the transportation system, he’s sick enough to use it. So we better get Involved.”

As soon as he became president, the words became even more threatening, clear and explicit, with this tweet becoming famous:

“North Korea just stated that it is in the final stages of developing a nuclear weapon capable of reaching parts of the US. It won’t happen!”

A few weeks later, words were turned into action: the United States and its allies (South Korea and Japan) carried out two enormous exercises between March and April 2017. The first, focusing on land and sea operations and named Foal Eagle, involved tens of thousands of US and South Korean soldiers and naval warships. A few weeks later the Max Thunder 17 exercise kicked in, with dozens of aircraft involved. In both exercises the goal is to focus on the DPRK, with simulations of an attack by the United States and its allies by land, sea and air.

From Pyongyang’s point of view, the deterioration of relations with the US, South Korea and Japan has risen beyond any tolerable limit with a vicious cycle of tensions on the Korean Peninsula, since Trump’s assumption of the presidency. The United States, the world’s premier military power, continually threatens to bomb and invade the DPRK with thousands of soldiers, or threatens to kill Kim Jong-un. As if this situation were not tense enough, the ongoing exercises by the US and her allies suggest a realistic possibility of invasion rather than a simple exercise (usually wars begin simultaneously with great maneuvers, since in such exercises forces are already deployed, operational, and ready to fight). Finally, to top off the madness coming from Washington, Trump repeatedly broached a change in the historical strategic balance reflected by MAD (mutually assured destruction), floating the idea of arming South Korea and even Japan with nuclear weapons.

Nuclear deterrence for peace

In light of all these historical provocations and threats, Kim Jong-un has in recent years had to accelerate his atomic program and demonstrate the consistency of DPRK’s nuclear capability and convincingly deter opponents. In order to asses the capacity of North Korea to hit the US with a WMD, one has to take into consideration two main factors: the ability to create a nuclear warhead, and the method of delivery.

The first, concerning the ability to detonate a domestically manufactured nuclear bomb, is already a fact acknowledged by the international community and demonstrated with five nuclear tests. The second question focuses on the means used to deliver the nuclear weapon. With the first question already a known fact (the DPRK has up to 30 nukes), this only leaves the assessment of missile range and reliability, which will be discussed later. For now, it is important to focus on the motives that may have driven the DPRK to develop an nuclear program. During American exercises, North Korean reservists from the countryside were often summoned from the countryside when they were most needed for harvesting and planting seasons, creating significant strains in the agricultural area so vital to the country’s economy.

Thanks to the nuclear deterrent, the amount of people recalled has been considerably reduced due to the reduction in the likelihood of an American attack on the peninsula.

Obviously nuclear deterrence plays a key part in North Korea’s defensive posture, but we can further consider the lesser known determinants of this strategic choice. First of all we can consider the reduction in military spending on conventional means of war by the possession of a nuclear deterrent. Pyongyang’s ability to almost market its nuclear deterrence with nuclear and missile tests is certainly more cost effective than building thousands of multiple-launch rocket systems (MLRS) and mortar rounds. This does not mean that in a military assessment of conflict, such equipment does not tip the balance of power; we will see that they do exactly this.

The DPRK’s deterrence policy is a much more complex matter than just its nuclear component. The common idea is that with a nuclear bomb Pyongyang is safe. That is true on the basis of the theory of MAD. But with missile defense systems in play, this could change the equation, or maybe not. What really makes the DPRK safe is conventional weapons and geography.

China Cannot Help Disarm Pyongyang

Regarding the considerations made by Pyongyang on nuclear disarmament, it is interesting to note that the North Korean leadership has often referred to the promises made by the west to Gaddafi regarding Libya’s nuclear disarmament, and the consequences of this choice seen in the subsequent attack on Libya and the killing of Gaddafi. Kim Jong-un has repeatedly made it clear that trusting Washington and its allies is simply impossible given these historical precedents.

Another important factor when talking about the Korean Peninsula is the common notion of Beijing’s influence on Pyongyang. Trump has on several occasions made it clear that China is the only actor capable of putting sufficient pressure on Kim in order to force him to disarm or stop missile tests. But this is a political position that leaves many questions and doubts and is based entirely on the notion that Beijing is assisting Pyongyang economically and so has the necessary leverage. This, for Washington, means that if Xi wanted to shut down the Korean economy and oblige DPRK’s leadership to dialogue, he could do so.

Reality, however, shows us that Beijing has little influence on the Korean leader, and a deeper analysis shows how the DPRK is forced to trade and talk to China more out of practical need than any desire to do so. Further evidence shows how the relationship between China and the DPRK is at the very least complicated.

Realistically, it is difficult to ignore the contribution of the former Soviet Union, and then Russia, to the DPRK’s conventional and possibly nuclear development. The last parade of arms on April 15, 2017 saw the DPRK parade hardware very similar to that of the Russian military, especially the large Topol-M. Of course Beijing has a longstanding interest in the DPRK and with the state’s survival. The DPRK ensures that there are no hostile forces on China’s southern border. Beijing has learned the lessons from the end of the Cold War, where, following various pledges to Russia not to extend NATO into Eastern Europe, NATO subsequently expanded right up to Russia’s borders, directly threatening the Russian Federation.

Beijing supports the DPRK to avoid a unified Korea under US guidance that would pose a real threat to the Chinese state. In this context, Beijing faces diplomatic consequences at an international level, facing criticism and threats of armed intervention in the DPRK if Beijing does not do something to stop the North Korean leader.

It is a very complicated situation for Beijing, which finds itself between a rock and a hard place, having little real ability to influence Kim’s choices. From the point of view of the DPRK, the best outcome would be an agreement with the United States and Japan to loosen sanctions and embargoes. The problem is what these nations ask for in return is complete disarmament. For the reasons cited above, this solution is virtually impossible because of the complete lack of trust by all actors.

From words to nothing

At this point it is good to go to the heart of the matter and to analyze the most interesting aspects. First of all, Trump’s actions in Syria, as well as the use of a MOAB in Afghanistan, sought to put pressure on Kim Jong-un to make him come to the negotiating table. This obviously did not work, it being utterly unrealistic to commence negotiating with Pyongyang on the basis of threats of war. The DPRK has been besieged for over 50 years, and 50 cruise missiles, or a ten-ton bomb, will hardly do anything to change their position or scare them. The DPRK is neither Syria nor Afghanistan.

The subtle line between deception and perception in the Korean nuclear affair is certainly of great interest. We should begin by saying what we know. The DPRK as a country is a tightly state monitored system from many point of view, in terms of information, the internet, computer systems. Any information we read in the mainstream media on the DPRK should therefore be treated as propaganda. Two aspects are to be considered, namely what the DPRK wants western military planners to believe, and what the western press wants public opinion to know and believe about the DPRK. Let us take a practical and vital example in this discussion by looking at the range of the missiles mentioned in previous paragraphs.

We start with a basic premise stated by Washington, namely that the United States will prevent the DPRK from developing a missile (ICBM) capable of reaching American territory with a nuclear warhead. The DPRK is in response developing an ICBM that can reach US soil in order to gain the ultimate deterrent weapon and so ensure its safety. In reality, we cannot know what the DPRK’s capabilities are until they test them. And with regard to that, the US administration has limited interest in publicizing possibile DPRK achievements and hinting that Pyongyang could hit the US with a nuclear warhead. That would then arise domestic pressures exerted throughout the press, politics, think-tanks, the military, the intelligence community, and external actors (Japan and Korea) to attack North Korea.

Likewise, the DPRK has no interest in eventually testing an ICBM already knowing well that the United States would have its back against a wall, leaving it with no choice but to attack.

Federico Pieraccini is an independent freelance writer specialized in international affairs, conflicts, politics and strategies.

The original source of this article is Strategic Culture Foundation

Copyright © Federico Pieraccini, Strategic Culture Foundation, 2017

The condemnation of North Korea’s latest ballistic missile test is a sign of “desperation” by US foreign policy. The Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK) has a right to self-determination, and has now advanced its own weapons technology to a point where if it is invaded, it could inflict a significant amount of damage. This is largely a huge measure of deterrent against invasion and the UN condemnation is a reaction to that. It is now too late to get nuclear weapons out of the hands of the DPRK because now they have been developed, they are there, they can be used and that complicates matters for US imperialism as it relates to trying to wield its influence over the DPRK

March 2017 update

Kims Brother Assassinated to Derail DPRK'S Desperate Peace Efforts Under Looming Threat of Annihilation by 320,000 US/Japanese/South Korean Forces

The Dubious Story of the Murder of Kim Jong-nam, Brother of DPRK Leader Kim Jong-un

By Stansfield Smith
Global Research, March 08, 2017
Region: Asia
In-depth Report: NORTH KOREA

In the West, even among people who consider themselves not susceptible to government-corporate media propaganda, any wild story about North Korea can be taken as credible. We should ask ourselves why that is the case, given what we know about the history of government and media fabrications, often related to gaining our acquiescence to a new war.

The corporate media reports North Korean agents murdered Kim Jong Nam with a banned chemical weapon VX. They fail to add that the US government is not a signatory to the 1993 Chemical Weapons Convention. They rarely note the Malaysian police investigating the case have not actually said North Korea is connected to his death.

The story of his death or murder raises a number of serious questions. North Korea says Kim Jong Nam was not murdered, but suffered from heart problems, high blood pressure and diabetes, required constant medication, and this caused his death. The North Korean diplomat in Malaysia Ri Tong-il “cited the postmortem examination conducted by Malaysian health authorities, claiming that the postmortem showed Jong-nam died of a heart attack.”

Malaysian authorities conducted two autopsies, the second after the first said to be inconclusive in identifying a cause of death, before announcing well over a week later that VX was involved.

What was going on here? And why weren’t the autopsies made open to others besides Malaysian officials?

Why was the South Korean government the first country to come out quickly after Kim’s February 13 death to blame North Korea for murdering him with the VX nerve weapon – before Malaysia had determined anything? The Malaysian autopsy was not complete until February 23, ten days later.

Why did these two women charged with murder travel several times to South Korea before this attack occurred?

Why was the only North Korean arrested in the case released for lack of evidence?

The two women did not wear gloves, but had the liquid directly on their hands. “The police said the four North Korean suspects who left the country the day of the killing put the VX liquid on the women’s hands.”They later washed it off. Why did none of them die or even get sickened by it? No reports say they went to the hospital.

“Malaysian Inspector-General of Police Khalid Abu Khalid said the women knew they were handling poisonous materials during the attack…. leading forensic toxicologists who study murder by poison… question how the two women could walk away unscathed after deploying an agent potent enough to kill Kim Jong Nam before he could even make it to the hospital.”

“Tens of thousands of passengers have passed through the airport since the apparent assassination was carried out. No areas were cordoned off and protective measures were not taken.”

Why, if a highly deadly VX used to kill Kim, did the terminal remain open to thousands of travelers, and not shut down and checked for VX until February 26, 13 days later?

Health Minister Subramaniam Sathasivam said “VX only requires 10 milligrams to be absorbed into the system to be lethal,” yet he added that there have been no reports of anyone else being sickened by the toxin.

DPRK’s Ri Tong-il said in his statement, “How is it possible” the two ladies survived? “How is it possible” no single person in the airport got contaminated? “How is it possible” no nurse, no doctor, no police escorting Kim after the attack were affected?

Why does Malaysia, which acknowledges Kim Jong Nam is Kim Jong Un’s half-brother, make the outrageous demand that Kim’s body won’t be released to North Korea until a close family member provides a sample of their own DNA?

From what we are told, the story does not add up.

Ri Tong-il asked in his same statement “Why is South Korea trying so hard [to blame the DPRK] in this instance? They have a great political crisis inside South Korea [which is quite true] and they need to divert people’s attention,” noting also that the two women involved traveled to South Korea and that South Korea blamed the North for murder by VX the very day it happened.

Stephen Lendman also gives a plausible explanation:

“Here’s what we know. North Korean senior representatives were preparing to come to New York to meet with former US officials, a chance for both sides to discuss differences diplomatically, hopefully leading to direct talks with Trump officials.

The State Department hadn’t yet approved visas, a positive development if arranged.

Reports indicate North Korea very much wanted the meeting to take place. Makes sense. It would indicate a modest thaw in hostile relations, a good thing if anything came of it.

So why would Pyongyang want to kill Kim Jong-nam at this potentially sensitive time, knowing it would be blamed for the incident, talks likely cancelled?

Sure enough, they’re off, Pyongyang accused of killing Kim, even though it seems implausible they planned and carried out the incident, using agents in Malaysia to act as proxies.”

Is possible that North Korean leader Kim Jong Un decided to murder his apolitical brother, chosing to do so by using a banned highly toxic agent in public, under video cameras in a crowded airport of a friendly country? Instead of say, doing it by easier means in the North Korean Embassy’s guesthouse in Kuala Lumpur, where the New York Times said his brother sometimes stayed?

We are not supposed to doubt what we are spoon fed, that Kim Jong Un is some irrational war-mongering madman who has instituted a reign of terror. A safer bet is this is a new attempt to beat the drums of war against North Korea and its allies.

The author’s previous articles on North Korea are at

North Korea Tests Missiles amid Huge US-South Korean War Games

By Peter Symonds
Global Research, March 07, 2017
World Socialist Web Site
Region: Asia
Theme: Militarization and WMD, US NATO War Agenda
In-depth Report: NORTH KOREA

North Korea yesterday launched at least four ballistic missiles from its west coast, not far from the border with China, at around 7.30 a.m. local time. The missiles flew about 1,000 kilometres and, according to Japanese officials, three splashed down within Japan’s exclusive economic zone of 200 nautical miles or about 370 kilometres.

The missile launch took place amid heightened tensions on the Korean Peninsula as the US and South Korean militaries started their annual Foal Eagle war games. The joint exercises over the next two months reportedly involve at least 320,000 South Korean and American military personnel backed by a US aircraft carrier and its strike group, and advanced US fighters and bombers.

Pyongyang last week branded the drills as preparations for nuclear war and warned that “new types of strategic weapons will soar” if the Foal Eagle drills proceeded. David Wright from the Union of Concerned Scientists suggested to the Washington Post that the missiles were either of the extended-range Scuds or medium-range Nodong type, which have been tested before, indicating other missile tests could be pending.

North Korea’s militarist response to the threats posed by US imperialism and its allies is utterly reactionary and plays directly into Washington’s hands by providing a pretext for the expansion of US forces in Asia—directed against Pyongyang and Beijing. Far from defending the North Korean people, the regime’s bellicose and nationalistic posturing sows divisions between workers in North Korea and South Korea, Japan, the US and internationally.

The US nuclear arsenal is capable of obliterating North Korea’s military machine and industrial infrastructure many times over. Last week the US defence secretary repeated the threat of an “effective and overwhelming” response if Pyongyang ever attempted to use its nuclear weapons.

The US and its allies immediately condemned yesterday’s missile tests by North Korea. Acting South Korean president Hwang Kyo-ahn branded the launch as “a direct challenge and grave provocation.” Japanese prime minister Shinzo Abe declared that the tests demonstrated that Pyongyang had developed “a new threat” and said Tokyo would “strongly protest to North Korea.”

The US and Japan have called for an emergency session of the UN Security Council to discuss the latest missile tests. A similar session was convened following North Korea’s launch of a new medium-range missile last month, but no punitive measures were taken. Washington will undoubtedly exploit the gathering to intensify the pressure on Beijing to impose crippling economic measures on its North Korean ally.

The North Korean missile launches take place as the Trump administration is engaged in a review of US strategy towards North Korea, which, since the end of the Korean War in 1953, has been one of unremitting hostility. The Obama administration has been heavily criticised in US foreign policy and military circles for not taking more aggressive action to halt the North Korean nuclear and missile programs.

In January, Trump, as president-elect, reacted to an announcement by North Korean leader Kim Jong-un that his country was preparing to test an intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM) by tweeting that it “won’t happen.” Details of the White House review leaked to the Wall Street Journal last week indicated that regime-change and pre-emptive military strikes against North Korea were under active consideration.

In a detailed article last weekend, the New York Times revealed that the US military under the Obama administration had engaged in an aggressive cyberwarfare campaign against North Korea’s missile systems following its nuclear test in 2013. The newspaper admitted that it had withheld details at the request of the military and security establishment. It was publishing the story now as it was becoming evident that North Korea had become aware of the cyber-attacks that appeared to be causing a high rate of missile launch failures.

The American cyber and electronic strikes against North Korea are a reckless act of war, which threaten to plunge the region into conflict. They recall the methods used by the US and Israel against Iran to undermine its uranium enrichment capabilities using the Stuxnet worm to cause gas centrifuges to malfunction. The cyber-attack was part of a broader Israeli campaign of assassination and sabotage against Iran’s nuclear programs.

The New York Times explained that Obama was prepared to go to any length in his efforts to halt North Korea’s nuclear and missile programs. “With only a few months left in office,” it wrote, “he pushed aides for new approaches. At one meeting, he declared that he would have targeted the North Korean leadership and weapons sites if he thought that would work.” The administration concluded, however, that the difficulties of military strikes were too great, and “the risks of missing were tremendous, including renewed war on the Korean Peninsula.”

The Trump administration is now considering all options in its bid to prevent North Korea from building a nuclear-tipped ICBM capable of reaching the US mainland. Its measures will not be aimed just at Pyongyang but also Beijing, which Trump has repeatedly threatened with trade war measures and military action in the South China Sea. He is accelerating the military build-up in Asia in preparation for war with China in a bid to ensure US supremacy in the region and the world.

A senior Trump official confirmed to the New York Times that the White House was looking at “pre-emptive military strike options,” in spite of the tactical difficulties involved. “Putting American tactical nuclear weapons back in South Korea—they were withdrawn a quarter-century ago—is also under consideration even if that step could accelerate an arms race with the North,” the newspaper stated.

The reinstallation of US tactical nuclear weapons on the Korean Peninsula would threaten to dramatically raise tensions not only with North Korea, but also with China, which would quickly conclude that it was the real target. It could trigger a nuclear arms race involving South Korea, where some lawmakers have already called for building nuclear weapons, and Japan.

While Trump has also reportedly considered renewed negotiations with the Pyongyang regime, the White House is under growing pressure to act against North Korea. The danger that it will opt for militarist measures, including an attack on North Korea, is heightened by the political warfare in American ruling circles over foreign policy in relation to Russia in particular. As it attempts to extricate itself from a worsening crisis, the Trump administration is quite capable of initiating a reckless provocation against North Korea as a diversion.
The original source of this article is World Socialist Web Site
Copyright © Peter Symonds, World Socialist Web Site, 2017

Sept 1 2015 Update

“Humanitarian Warfare” against the DPRK or “Conflict Resolution”? The UN Human Rights Inquiry on North Korea

By Ronda Hauben

Global Research, October 28, 2014

Netizen Blog

Region: Asia

Theme: United Nations

In-depth Report: NORTH KOREA

A small demonstration that took place across the street from the UN on Wednesday, October 22 was a sign of the problem represented by the Commission of Inquiry (COI) report by the UN Human Rights Council on North Korea. The COI report had been issued in March 2014.

The demonstrators carried posters challenging the action by the UN. The posters portrayed the sentiment that the report and UN actions around the report represented an injustice. These posters included statements such as:

“Stop Using N Korean Human Right as a Weapon for Another Korean War, “Stop Shameful Hypocrisy Pretending Human Rights Defender”, “Stop Psychological Warfare on the Korean Peninsula “, “Remember S. Korean National Security Law An Extreme Human Rights Violation !!!”, “Guantanamo Bay Detention Camp, Human Rights???”, “Human Rights, Why Only N.Korea???”, ”Mind Your Business in the U.S.A.???”

The reason the issues raised by the demonstration are important is that the UN has not attempted any impartial investigation of the Korean conflict to determine its roots and how to find a resolution. The signs carried by these demonstrators provide clues to the context in which this Commission of Inquiry operated. If the COI report is intended as a weapon to start another Korean War, as one of the signs proposed, then the actions the Human Rights Council are but a pretext for an aggressive action against a sovereign nation. Another poster asked if the Human Rights Council considered violations of human rights such as the Guantanamo Bay Detention Camp in the US or the National Security Law in South Korea? These are well documented examples of serious Human Rights abuses, but instead of doing something to condemn such documented abuses, the Human Rights Council is targeting North Korea where there is little actual evidence that could be recognized in a court of law of any such human rights abuses. Instead the kinds of claims being substituted for evidence are testimony of defectors, and supposed satellite images. In the Iraq case in 2003, such so called evidence proved inaccurate, yet provided a pretext for the US invasion and regime change activity. Similar false claims were used as a pretext for the NATO war against Libya in 2011.

This protest held outside the UN at noon was in response to an event being held at the UN later in the day. The event, sponsored by the permanent missions of Panama, Botswana, and Australia was to present the testimony of two North Koreans who had defected to South Korea and who were making a plea that member states support an upcoming resolution by the EU and Japan against North Korea.

The DPRK had not been invited to offer its position, but its representatives did attend the event. They were called on only as part of the question period at the end of the event.

During the question period, the DPRK representatives raised the criticism that the COI report did not make any effort to be an all sided report. Instead it only presented the testimony of the defectors, of critics of North Korea.

The content of the testimony presented at the Oct 22 UN meeting included often repeated claims of harsh treatment, but missing were clear statements of what the circumstances were of the situations being described. Nor was there any effort to provide factual evidence supporting the claims.

The head of the Commission of Inquiry, the Australian Judge Michael Kirby played a major role in this meeting at the UN. In response to a comment from the DPRK representatives that the soliciting of the testimony from the defector witnesses was politically motivated, Judge Kirby responded that his experience as a judge was such that he knew how to conduct such questioning.

His response failed to acknowledge that the role he is playing in the UN process is not the same as in a national court of law, where there are expected to be standards for evidence and due process for the accused. Also in a national court of law there are in general appeals processes for the accused, as well as the right of the accused to confront those who are making the accusations. No such rights are accorded to the accused by the process that the Judge is involved in. Instead he is acting as a prosecutor with no rights for the accused to provide a defense.

At the UN meeting, the representatives of both Panama and Botswana spoke about their interest in fulfilling the obligations of the Responsibility to Protect (R2P) framework as part of why they are supporting taking action against North Korea. The problem with such statements is that they are ignoring the abuse that occurred by NATO in Libya under the mantle of R2P.

This event at the UN on Wednesday, October 22, was directed at urging support for actions at the UN directed against North Korea. But another event a few days earlier demonstrated the need for a very different approach to the question of the stalemate in efforts to resolve the conflicts that exist between the US/EU and North Korea.

This event which took place on Monday, October 20, was sponsored by the US Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) and was chaired by Donald Gregg, a former US Ambassador to South Korea.(1)

The program featured Gregg interviewing Jang Il Hun who is the Deputy Ambassador for the DPRK Mission to the UN, with time provided for questions from those in the audience. Ambassador Jang is the DPRK representative for the New York channel for contact between the DPRK and the US. The US has no formal diplomatic relations with the DPRK.

The tone of most of the CFR event provided a striking contrast to the UN meeting held a few days later.

Introducing the topic of the program, Ambassador Gregg referred to a program held earlier in the year with Judge Kirby discussing the COI report process. During this earlier program at CFR Ambassador Gregg asked Judge Kirby if he had noticed any improvement in the situation in North Korea. Judge Kirby responded that he had observed improvement under Kim Jung Un. As Gregg noted, however, this judgment was not reflected in the COI report. (2)

Also the issue of the stalemate in relations between the US and the DPRK was raised. Ambassador Jang was asked what could be done to help to make a breakthrough to end the stalemate. In general it was agreed that neither accusations regarding human rights problems nor even efforts to revive the long stalled six party talks process would be a helpful direction. Instead a visit by a friendly group organized by the Council of Foreign Relations was proposed and Ambassador Jang responded that if he received a detailed proposal for such a visit, he could make recommendations about it to his capital.(3)

These three situations demonstrate that there are substantive issues to be discussed through a diplomatic process with the DPRK. The program at the CFR in particular demonstrated that if an effort is made to resolve problems with the DPRK, progress is possible. Meanwhile actions being taken by nations like Japan and the EU in particular who are threatening to bring a resolution against the DPRK, can only deepen the conflicts. And holding meetings inside or outside the UN where defector witnesses are encouraged to urge member nations of the UN to condemn the DPRK are but acts to fan the flames of hostility and conflict. The demonstration in front of the UN and the CFR meeting, though held outside the UN, reveal that the obligations of the UN Charter are obligations that can be met. And that the process of conflict resolution needs the broad participation of all those who can contribute to its success. There seem to be two tactics being used in international relations with the DPRK. Either hold punishment meetings or encourage dialogue. The UN Charter supports only the latter efforts.



(2) Gregg: “And I asked him, as I was the commentator, about 50 years, and have you noticed any changes during that period? And he said, yes, there have been improvements under Kim Jong-un, which I wish he’d said that in his report, but he at least said it in response to my — to my question.”

(3) JANG: Yes. If I receive any detailed proposal concerning the proposed visit, then I can make recommendations for my colleagues in the capital

To listen to the U.S. government and the big business media talk about how the Pentagon is sending all its firepower to the north Pacific to protect Washington and its allies, you would think that the real threat in the world was the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea — north Korea — a country with 25 million people.

You would not know that the Pentagon colossus has 6,000 nuclear weapons and a war machine bigger and more powerful than the rest of the world’s militaries combined, with military bases in over 100 countries.

You might think that it was the DPRK that had 25 military bases in Mexico or Canada poised to invade the U.S., or that the DPRK has 1,000 nuclear missiles in the region capable of targeting every major city in the U.S. You might think the DPRK was carrying out war exercises on the U.S. border, with tens of thousands of troops practicing the invasion and occupation of Washington and the rest of the country.

Is Washington’s alarm caused by the DPRK air force flying nuclear-capable stealth bombers near the Canadian border, simulating nuclear bomb drops? Are the DPRK’s naval forces carrying out exercises with missile ships, amphibious landing vehicles, destroyers and anti-missile defense systems in the Chesapeake Bay, practicing for landing and occupation?

Nope. It’s just the other way around.

The Pentagon has sent its forces halfway around the world to waters and land surrounding the DPRK. They are doing all the above, “practicing” for the destruction of the DPRK and the overthrow of its socialist government.

In an article entitled “North Korea May Actually Think a War Is Coming,”, no friend of the DPRK, on Feb. 22 refuted the idea that the leadership of the DPRK is just drumming up war and/or imagining things.

U.S. escalated war exercises

The article pointed out that the DPRK’s military defensive activities have been driven by reality. For example:

“The first joint military exercises between the U.S. and South Korea since the death of Kim Jong-il suddenly changed their nature, with new war games including preemptive artillery attacks on North Korea.

“Another amphibious landing operation simulation took on vastly larger proportions following Kim Jong-il’s death.” The sheer amount of equipment deployed was amazing: 13 naval vessels, 52 armored vessels, 40 fighter jets and 9,000 U.S. troops.

“South Korean officials began talking of Kim Jong-il’s death as a prime opportunity to pursue a regime-change strategy.

“South Korea unveiled a new cruise missile that could launch a strike inside North Korea and is working fast to increase its full-battery range to strike anywhere inside North Korea.

“South Korea openly began discussing asymmetric warfare against North Korea.

“The U.S. military’s Key Resolve Foal Eagle computerized war simulation games suddenly changed, too, simulating the deployment of 100,000 South Korean troops on North Korean territory following a regime change.

“Japan was brought on board, allowing the U.S. to deploy a second advanced missile defense radar system on its territory and the two carried out unprecedented war games.

“It is also not lost on anyone that despite what on the surface appears to be the U.S.’ complete lack of interest in a new South Korean naval base that is in the works, this base will essentially serve as an integrated missile defense system run by the U.S. military and housing Aegis destroyers.”

Success of DPRK nuclear tests threw off imperialist war plans

So the plan to overthrow the government of the DPRK has been in the works since the death of the previous leader of the country, Kim Jong Il, in 2012. This was regarded as an opening by U.S. imperialism, its south Korean puppet regime and its imperialist allies in Tokyo to seize the DPRK by military force and reunify the country on a capitalist basis.

They have been actively planning this for months. But the DPRK’s successful tests of nuclear weapons and a missile delivery system in February of this year threw off the plans of the unholy Pentagon-created alliance of Washington, Tokyo and Seoul, which then drastically escalated the level of their menacing joint war “games.”

It is perfectly clear from these circumstances why the Workers’ Party of Korea in its March plenum of this year declared that the DPRK has “a new strategic line on carrying out economic construction and building nuclear armed forces simultaneously under the prevailing situation.” (, March 31)

Nuclear deterrent not a ‘bargaining chip’

The KCNA release stressed that “the party’s new line is not a temporary countermeasure for coping with the rapidly changing situation but a strategic line. …

“The nuclear weapons of Songu Korea are not goods for getting U.S. dollars and they are neither a political bargaining chip nor a thing for economic dealings to put on the table of negotiations aimed at forcing the DPRK to disarm itself. …

“The DPRK’s nuclear armed forces represents the nation’s life, which can never be abandoned as long the imperialists and nuclear threats exist on earth.”

There were many very important resolutions passed at the Party’s plenary session on the economic development of the country, including developing light industry, agriculture and electrification. But the central resolution has served notice on Washington, the U.N. Security Council, Tokyo and Seoul that the DPRK is not willing to re-enter the U.S.-sponsored “negotiating process” of maneuver and deceit, whose guiding aim since 1994 has been to keep the DPRK from gaining any type of nuclear capability while Washington builds up its military forces in the region.

1994 Agreed Upon Framework and U.S. deception

Washington claims to be acting in “defense,” but it is because of actions by the Pentagon that the DPRK has had to develop a nuclear deterrent.

In 1994, after the Clinton administration went to the brink of war against the DPRK, Washington and Pyongyang signed the Agreed Upon Framework, under which the DPRK was to refrain from nuclear development and Washington would end economic sanctions, contribute financial aid, aid to agricultural development, would build light water nuclear reactors to provide electricity and would provide fuel oil until the reactors were completed and operating. Tokyo and Seoul were supposed to participate in the project.

The two countries were pledged to a nonhostile relationship and to the normalization of relations.

Clinton only agreed to the Framework because the USSR had collapsed, the DPRK’s legendary founder Kim Il Sung had just died in 1994, and Washington was expecting the government and the socialist system to collapse long before the agreement was to be carried out.

But the years passed and the DPRK survived under the leadership of Kim Jung Il, despite all the hardships caused by the collapse of the USSR and natural disasters that threatened the food supply. Neither the government nor the socialist system collapsed, due both to the leadership and to the determination of the masses to withstand all the difficulties they faced.

The U.S. sanctions were not ended; the fuel oil lagged far behind in delivery, through cold winters; no work was done on the light water reactors. Yet the DPRK kept its end of the bargain and refrained from nuclear development, both peaceful and military.

Meanwhile, Washington continued with “war games” in the south, reorganizing its forces in the region to be in a better defensive and offensive military position. The DPRK watched the U.S. nuclear monster getting more and more threatening.

‘Axis of Evil’ threats

In January 2002, President George W. Bush declared that the DPRK was part of an “axis of evil” along with Iraq and Iran. Members of this supposed “axis of evil” were subject to preemptive U.S. military attack. In its Nuclear Posture Review later that year revising U.S. nuclear policy, the Bush administration declared that the DPRK , among others, could be subject to a first strike nuclear attack.

So much for “nonhostile” relations.

The light water nuclear reactors that were fundamental to the agreement were supposed to have been operational by 2003. But they were not started until August 2002 and were abandoned at the end of the year, when the U.S. tried to frame up the DPRK with false charges that it was developing nuclear fuel.

Due to the betrayal of the U.S., the Agreed Upon Framework collapsed by 2003. The DPRK withdrew from the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty and embarked upon its own nuclear development. But it had lost almost a decade of development of a nuclear military deterrent, while the military threats to its existence increased. Washington had bombed Iraq and overthrown its government. It was threatening Iran. Developing a deterrent became urgent.

Even after this record of betrayal, the DPRK agreed to six-party talks in 2003 that also involved China, the U.S., Japan, Russia and south Korea. Under pressure, the DPRK in 2005 once again agreed to suspend its nuclear development in return for aid. But the climate of hostility from imperialism continued. When, in 2009, the U.N. Security Council denounced a rocket launch by the DPRK, its government pulled out of the talks. It became clear that the six-party talks, like the Agreed Upon Framework, were aimed at curbing the military capability of the DPRK.

So the DPRK has gone through the historical experience of being betrayed by the Clinton administration, threatened with destruction by the Bush administration and is now under an escalating threat by the Obama administration.

It is a testament to the steadfast determination of the leadership of the DPRK and of the population that they have been able to not only survive but to grow stronger amidst the horrendous military encirclement and daily threats that they endure.

Defending Korean socialism

The key to the survival of the DPRK can be illustrated by a quote from Chon Ki Chol, a worker of the Posan Iron Works, who told the Korean Central News Agency:

“DPRK’s nuclear armed forces are what keep the Korean nation alive.

“The new strategic line serves as a definite guarantee for defending our socialism and winning the final victory in an all-out action against the imperialists.

“The U.S. imperialists should be well aware that the military technical superiority is no longer a monopoly of the imperialists and gone are the days when they could threaten and blackmail the DPRK with A-bombs.

“We, workers, will carry out the tasks laid down at the March Plenary Meeting, with a firm conviction that the victory is in store for our country led by the WPK.” (KCNA, April 4)

The people of all Korea live with the memory of the brutal occupation by Japanese imperialism from 1910 to 1945. The north is determined to safeguard its hard-won sovereignty and never submit to such humiliation again.

The people, the Workers’ Party of Korea and the government are all deeply immersed in the history of war crimes committed by Washington during the Korean War from 1950 to 1953, when every building over two stories on every block, in every city, was destroyed by the U.S. Air Force and 3 million Koreans died.

Given the historical background and the present situation, the DPRK has to do everything in its power to deter imperialist invasion and capitalist counterrevolution.

By Fred Goldstein on April 9, 2013

Also see:

North Korea: ‘U.S. should ponder grave situation’

Migrant groups in South Korea: ‘No to war of aggression in the Korean Peninsula’

Not another war! Pentagon out of Korea

Puncturing the lies and hypocrisy about north Korea

Achievements of Korean socialism

calendar>>March 30. 2013 Juch 102

Pyongyang, March 30 (KCNA) -- The government, political parties and organizations of the DPRK released the following special statement on Saturday:

The moves of the U.S. imperialists to violate the sovereignty of the DPRK and encroach upon its supreme interests have entered an extremely grave phase. Under this situation, the dear respected Marshal Kim Jong Un, brilliant commander of Mt. Paektu, convened an urgent operation meeting on the performance of duty of the Strategic Rocket Force of the Korean People's Army for firepower strike and finally examined and ratified a plan for firepower strike.

The important decision made by him is the declaration of a do-or-die battle to provide an epochal occasion for putting an end to the history of the long-standing showdown with the U.S. and opening a new era. It is also a last warning of justice served to the U.S., south Korean group and other anti-reunification hostile forces. The decision reflects the strong will of the army and people of the DPRK to annihilate the enemies.

Now the heroic service personnel and all other people of the DPRK are full of surging anger at the U.S. imperialists' reckless war provocation moves, and the strong will to turn out as one in the death-defying battle with the enemies and achieve a final victory of the great war for national reunification true to the important decision made by Kim Jong Un.

The Supreme Command of the KPA in its previous statement solemnly declared at home and abroad the will of the army and people of the DPRK to take decisive military counteraction to defend the sovereignty of the country and the dignity of its supreme leadership as regards the war moves of the U.S. and south Korean puppets that have reached the most extreme phase.

Not content with letting B-52 make sorties into the sky over south Korea in succession despite the repeated warnings of the DPRK, the U.S. made B-2A stealth strategic bomber and other ultra-modern strategic strike means fly from the U.S. mainland to south Korea to stage a bombing drill targeting the DPRK. This is an unpardonable and heinous provocation and an open challenge.

By taking advantage of the U.S. reckless campaign for a nuclear war against the DPRK, the south Korean puppets vociferated about "preemptive attack" and "strong counteraction" and even "strike at the commanding forces", openly revealing the attempt to destroy monuments symbolic of the dignity of the DPRK's supreme leadership.

This clearly shows that the U.S. brigandish ambition for aggression and the puppets' attempt to invade the DPRK have gone beyond the limit and their threats have entered the reckless phase of an actual war from the phase of threat and blackmail.

The prevailing grim situation more clearly proves that the Supreme Command of the KPA was just when it made the judgment and decision to decisively settle accounts with the U.S. imperialists and south Korean puppets by dint of the arms of Songun, because time when words could work has passed.

Now they are openly claiming that the B-2A stealth strategic bombers' drill of dropping nuclear bombs was "not to irritate the north" but "the defensive one". The U.S. also says the drill is "to defend the interests of its ally". However, it is nothing but a lame pretext to cover up its aggressive nature, evade the denunciation at home and abroad and escape from the DPRK's retaliatory blows.

The era when the U.S. resorted to the policy of strength by brandishing nuclear weapons has gone.

It is the resolute answer of the DPRK and its steadfast stand to counter the nuclear blackmail of the U.S. imperialists with merciless nuclear attack and their war of aggression with just all-out war.

They should clearly know that in the era of Marshal Kim Jong Un, the greatest-ever commander, all things are different from what they used to be in the past.

The hostile forces will clearly realize the iron will, matchless grit and extraordinary mettle of the brilliant commander of Mt. Paektu that the earth cannot exist without Songun Korea.

Time has come to stage a do-or-die final battle.

The government, political parties and organizations of the DPRK solemnly declare as follows reflecting the final decision made by Kim Jong Un at the operation meeting of the KPA Supreme Command and the unanimous will of all service personnel and people of the DPRK who are waiting for a final order from him.

1.From this moment, the north-south relations will be put at the state of war and all the issues arousing between the north and the south will be dealt with according to the wartime regulations.

The state of neither peace nor war has ended on the Korean Peninsula.

Now that the revolutionary armed forces of the DPRK have entered into an actual military action, the inter-Korean relations have naturally entered the state of war. Accordingly, the DPRK will immediately punish any slightest provocation hurting its dignity and sovereignty with resolute and merciless physical actions without any prior notice.

2. If the U.S. and the south Korean puppet group perpetrate a military provocation for igniting a war against the DPRK in any area including the five islands in the West Sea of Korea or in the area along the Military Demarcation Line, it will not be limited to a local war, but develop into an all-out war, a nuclear war.

It is self-evident that any military conflict on the Korean Peninsula is bound to lead to an all-out war, a nuclear war now that even U.S. nuclear strategic bombers in its military bases in the Pacific including Hawaii and Guam and in its mainland are flying into the sky above south Korea to participate in the madcap DPRK-targeted nuclear war moves.

The first strike of the revolutionary armed forces of the DPRK will blow up the U.S. bases for aggression in its mainland and in the Pacific operational theatres including Hawaii and Guam and reduce not only its military bases in south Korea but the puppets' ruling institutions including Chongwadae and puppet army's bases to ashes at once, to say nothing of the aggressors and the provokers.

3. The DPRK will never miss the golden chance to win a final victory in a great war for national reunification.

This war will not be a three day-war but it will be a blitz war through which the KPA will occupy all areas of south Korea including Jeju Island at one strike, not giving the U.S. and the puppet warmongers time to come to their senses, and a three-dimensional war to be fought in the air, land and seas and on the front line and in the rear.

This sacred war of justice will be a nation-wide, all-people resistance involving all Koreans in the north and the south and overseas in which the traitors to the nation including heinous confrontation maniacs, warmongers and human scum will be mercilessly swept away.

No force on earth can break the will of the service personnel and people of the DPRK all out in the just great war for national reunification and of all other Koreans and overpower their might.

Holding in high esteem the peerlessly great men of Mt. Paektu, the Korean people will give vent to the pent-up grudge and realize their cherished desire and thus bring a bright day of national reunification and build the best power on this land without fail.

By Scott Creighton


“from that time” becomes “from this time on” and “from this moment“… little change, big difference

As much as our leaders would like them to have taken the bait, North Korea has not declared war on the South or the U.S. in response to our unprecedented provocations. So when all else fails, leave it to yellow journalism like this piece of work from the New York Times (Link) or this obviously Photoshopped image that came out this past week. (Link)

(Blogdog -"Even alternative media have bought this lie and been hysterical saying DPRK threatened to nuke Austin Texas, and other unreacheable targets because a fake photo from a war propaganda outlet said so. Ive read everything I can find on this story and nowhere does it say that, this whole story is fabricated from an obviously fake photograph")

The much touted “state of war” declaration is not a declaration of war from Kim Jung Un but rather a statement of support for whatever decision he has too make from the “the government, political parties and organizations of the DPRK.” It claims only they will declare themselves in a state of war WHEN their leader makes that decision showing they are completely behind him. It is a statement of support from the people and perhaps a warning to the South that the North will not fold under their attack. But not a declaration of war from Kim Jung Un.

There is a campaign of propaganda underway this week in Korea and I will show you that this latest crisis is nothing more than a continuation of that warmongering effort.

It’s being reported across the globe that “North Korea” made these statements in a recent official release via state media Korean Central News Agency :

“From this time on, the North-South relations will be entering the state of war and all issues raised between the North and the South will be handled accordingly,”Ria Novoski

“Now that the revolutionary armed forces of the DPRK have entered into an actual military action, the inter-Korean relations have naturally entered the state of war,” Huffington Post

“From this time on, the North-South relations will be entering the state of war and all issues raised between the North and the South will be handled accordingly,”Reuters via Prison Planet

As you can see, this rhetoric spans quite a wide political divide from the fake alternative left to the equally fake alternative right and very thing in between. CNN, Fox, NBC News all of them are reporting this crucial development as fact.

Trouble is, it may be another lie. It’s hard to say because no one links to the actual original source of this statement. Also important to note, which is not being covered by most outlets, the statement is NOT from the usual official offices of the North Korean government but rather from “the government, political parties and organizations of the DPRK” and what that means is, it’s not so much a declaration of war as it is a statement to show the unified resolve of the North Korean people against the aggressive stance and provocations undertaken by the South Koreans and their masters, the United States.

But with that in mind, it may not even be an accurate translation of the statement.

Ria Novosti, to their credit, caught the “mistake” from the AFP and published a retraction calling it a “faulty translation”. A noncommittal way of saying a “lie” I suppose. “Faulty” is right.

Later on Saturday, however, Russian media reported that a faulty translation might have been to blame for this apparent uptick in bellicose rhetoric.

The North Korean original statement apparently stressed that the country would act “in accordance with wartime laws” if attacked, and that “from that time, North-South relations will enter a state of war.” Ria Novosti

What they are saying is if they are attacked they will be ready to enter “the state of war” with the South and their puppet masters the United States.

Seems quite rational when you consider the fact that the Unites States is running practice drills dropping dud tactical nukes on islands off the shores of North Korea. Were the North Koreans to have done that off our shores, Shock and Awe would have already begun. Hell, we claim the “right” to “pre-emptive warfare” on other countries and millions of people are dead and suffering as a result right now.

This interpretation of their quote also blends seamlessly into what appears to be the North Korean’s official position gleaned from several other quotes released on the official media site.

“He declared the revolutionary armed forces of the DPRK would react to the U.S. nuclear blackmail with a merciless nuclear attack, and war of aggression with an all-out war of justice.”

“The army and people of the DPRK are full of the spirit to defend the country as was displayed in the 1950s.” KCNA

“The powerful countermeasures of the DPRK to defend the sovereignty are a manifestation of the firm will of its army and people to defend the country and socialism at the cost of their lives from the hostile forces’ aggression moves.” KCNA

“If the enemies finally ignite a war of aggression, they will turn to ashes without having time to regret themselves over not paying due heed to the significant warning issued by the Supreme Command of KPA that they will have hardest time with their destiny at stake the moment they make a provocation.

The strong countermeasures taken by the DPRK are not to threaten others but to defend the dignity and the sovereignty of the country and the nation.

No one on earth can check the people turned out for just cause.” KCNA

In this article, the leadership of North Korea calls on progressives to stand against the U.S.’s globalist expansion of late and in this article the state run news agency points out the fact that the South Korean leadership is attacking their own progressives who are still trying to push the reunification agenda that came so close to succeeding not that long ago.

“A battle to be fought by the DPRK against the U.S. will become a war for national liberation to defend the sovereignty and dignity of the country and, at the same time, a revolutionary war to defend the human cause of independence and the justice of the international community.” KCNA

As to the mystery of the misquote: The AFP quote about the statements made by the North Korean leadership seem to come from a website called North Korean Leadership Watch. They cite the statement as being published by KCNA, but AGAIN, like all the others, NKLW doesn’t provide a link to that KCNA article.

However, they do make this statement:

“DPRK state media published a statement (tamhwa) on 30 March (Saturday) from “the government, political parties and organizations of the DPRK.” Unlike the recent volley of statements, or indeed most communications published and broadcasted in state media, the 30 March 2013 statement was not issued under the name of any specific organization (s). The statement is not cited as the work of the DPRK National Defense Commission, the KPA Supreme Command or Ministry of the People’s Armed Forces from the DPRK national security community…” NKLeadershipWatch

According to the origin of the quote, the statement isn’t directly from the government of North Korea and I am having a hell of a time finding the original source. You can find the statement here at Rodong and a few other sites as well.

Take a look at how it is written in the context of what is said:

… The government, political parties and organizations of the DPRK solemnly declare as follows reflecting the final decision made by Kim Jong Un at the operation meeting of the KPA Supreme Command and the unanimous will of all service personnel and people of the DPRK who are waiting for a final order from him.

1.From this moment, the north-south relations will be put at the state of war and all the issues arousing between the north and the south will be dealt with according to the wartime regulations.

The state of neither peace nor war has ended on the Korean Peninsula.

They are declaring they are at a state of war BEFORE given the order from Kim Jong Un?

Now substitute what Ria Novosti thinks is the actual translation:

… The government, political parties and organizations of the DPRK solemnly declare as follows reflecting the final decision made by Kim Jong Un at the operation meeting of the KPA Supreme Command and the unanimous will of all service personnel and people of the DPRK who are waiting for a final order from him.

1.from that time, North-South relations will enter a state of war and all the issues arousing between the north and the south will be dealt with according to the wartime regulations.

The state of neither peace nor war has ended on the Korean Peninsula.

If you look at the other statements issued by the official parties of NK you see a certain pattern. They have not declared war on the South though they fully expect the U.S. to instigate the conflict even more.

They also clearly identify their posture as being in “defense” of their nation and not the aggressor, which given the circumstances, is rational.

This statement which appears to say the North has declared war, is nothing of the sort, even if the Reuters translation is accurate. It is merely a statement of solidarity with their president at a difficult time.

But at worst, this deliberate mistranslation is someone’s opportunistic attempt to create a narrative and a history that mistakenly directs the blame for yet another war on the leadership of North Korea. It is in that sense, blackmail, just of the sort the North Koreans have been complaining about.

And given the fact that the leadership of the organizations signed onto the statement would NEVER openly declare war BEFORE given that order by their president, more than likely the Ria Novosti translation make much more sense.

Therefore, given all of this, I conclude (until such time as I can read the KCNA article myself) that the much touted “state of war” declaration being presented to the American people is in fact a “faulty translation”


Blogdog note - we have located and posted the relevant KCNA texts being misquoted in entirety (with link backs). A MUST READ -

Search through entire KCNA English site here -

And yes it is clear as we have suspected from the beginning, DPRK is unjustly targeted, vilified, and misquoted, and facing imminent threat of preemptive nuclear attack by NATO backed forces.

By Brian Willson

Global Research, April 04, 2013

Global Research 22 April 2004

Region: Asia

Theme: Crimes against Humanity, US NATO War Agenda

In-depth Report: NORTH KOREA

This article by award winning author, peace activist and Vietnam war veteran Brian Willson brings to light the process of demonization directed against the people of North Korea.

In the words of General Curtis Lemay who led the bombing raids during the Korean war: “Over a period of three years or so we killed off – what – twenty percent of the population.”

According to Brian Willson:

“It is now believed that the population north of the imposed 38th Parallel lost nearly a third its population of 8 – 9 million people during the 37-month long “hot” war, 1950 – 1953, perhaps an unprecedented percentage of mortality suffered by one nation due to the belligerance of another.”

Let us carefully analyze the current context of confrontation between Washington and Pyongyang. Since the end of the Korean War, the DPRK has repeatedly put forward a proposal involving a peace treaty, the reunificaiton of North and South Korea, the withdrawal of US troops from South Korea, the end of the conduct, on a yearly basis of a month-long U.S-South Korean war games.

This year’s US-South Korea war games involving a “hypothical” US nuclear attack against the DPRK initiated in mid-March constitute an act of provocation.

The media consensus which nobody dare to challenge is that North Korea is a “rogue state” and a threat to global security.

Where is the threat, North Korea or the US?

A pre-emptive nuclear war against North Korea has been on the drawing board of the Pentagon for over half a century.

Lets ask ourselves the question: Who is the Killer State? Who Possesses the WMDs? Who has the money and military hardware to pursue a global military agenda, in Asia, sub-Saharan Africa and the Middle East?

How could a small country of 25 million which lost 30 percent of its population as a result of US bombings in the 1950s constitute a threat to global security.

Why is this impoverished country –which has been the object of economic sanctions for the past sixty years– being threatened?

Since the end of the Korean war the threat of a US led nuclear has been relentless, over more than half a century. Is Washington committed to world peace or do want to literally “wipe off the map” countries whichare openly opposed to US expansionism?

Michel Chossudovsky, Global Research, April 5, 2013

[This article was first published by Global Research in April 2004]
North Korea and the “Axis of Evil”

by S. Brian Willson

The demonization of North Korea by the United States government continues unrelentlessly. The wealthy oil and baseball man who claims to be president of the United States, used his first State of the Union address on January 29, 2002 to brand perennial enemy North Korea, along with former allies Iran and Iraq, as “the world’s most dangerous regimes” who now now form a threatening “axis of evil.” Unbeknown to the public, because it was intended to have remained a secret (whoops!), was the fact that this claimed president presented a “Nuclear Posture Review” report to Congress only three weeks earlier, on January 8, which ordered the Pentagon to prepare contingency plans for use of nuclear weapons. The first designated targets for nuclear attack were his newly identified members of the “axis of evil,” along with four other lucky nations as well – Syria, Libya, Russia, and China. That this is nothing short of a policy of ultimate terror remains unaddressed in the U.S. media.

That Koreans are deeply concerned is an understatement. However, they understand the context in which their “evil” is being portrayed, not an altogether new threat levelled at them. However, the dangerous escalation of policy rhetoric following the 9-11 tragedy now boldly warns the world of virtual total war. Vice-president Richard Cheney, another oil man from Texas, declares that the U.S. is now considering military actions against forty to fifty nations, and that the war “may never end” and “become a permanent part of the way we live.”1 The Pentagon has declared that the widening gap between the “Haves” and “Have-nots” poses a serious challenge to the U.S., requiring a doctrine of “full spectrum dominance.” Thus, the U.S. demands total capacity to conquer every place and its inhabitants in and around the Earth, from deep underground bunkers, including those in North Korea and Iraq, through land, sea, and air, to outer space. All options for achieving global and spatial hegemony are now on the table. Already, the U.S. military is deployed in 100 different countries.2 Total war, permanent war. Terror!

Addiction to use of terror by the United States is nothing new. The civilization was founded and has been sustained by use of terror as a primary policy. For example, in 1779, General George Washington ordered destruction of the “merciless Indian savages” of upstate New York, instructing his generals to “chastize” them with “terror.” The generals dutifully carried out these orders. In 1866, General William Tecumseh Sherman ordered “extermination” with vindictive earnestness of the Sioux. They were virtually exterminated. Secretary of War Elihu Root (1899-1904) under President’s McKinley and Theodore Roosevelt, justified the ruthless U.S. military conduct in the Philippines that savagely killed a half-million citizens by citing “precedents of the highest authority:” Washington’s and Sherman’s earlier orders.3

War against nations around the world is not new either. The U.S., over its history, has militarily intervened over 400 times, covertly thousands of times, in over one hundred nations.4 Virtually all these interventions have been lawless. It has bombed at least eighteen nations since it dropped Atomic bombs on Japan in 1945. It has used chemical warfare against Southeast Asia, and has provided chemical warfare agents for use by other nations such as Iraq. It has used biological warfare against China, North Korea, and Cuba. The Koreans are quite aware of most of this history. Most U.S. Americans are not. But now the U.S. has declared a unilateral terrorist war on the whole world.5

Two of the interventions in the Nineteenth Century were inflicted against Korea, the first in 1866. The second, larger one, in 1871, witnessed the landing of over 700 marines and sailors on Kanghwa beach on the west side of Korea seeking to establish the first phases of colonization. Destroying several forts while inflicting over 600 casualties on the defending Korean natives, the U.S. withdrew realizing that in order to assure hegemonic success, a much larger, permanent military presence would be necessary. The North Korean people regularly remark about this U.S. invasion, even though most in South Korea do not know of it due to historic censorship. Most in the U.S. don’t know about it either, for similar reasons, even though in all of the Nineteenth Century, this was the largest U.S. military force to land on foreign soil outside of Mexico and Canada until the “Spanish American War” in 1898.

Pyongyang. Capital of the DPRK

I believe it important for U.S. Americans to place themselves in the position of people living in targeted countries. That North Korea, a nation of 24 million people, i.e., one-twentieth the population of the U.S., many of them poor, a land slightly larger in area than the U.S. state of Pennsylvania, continues to be one of the most demonized nations and least understood, totally perplexes the Korean people. It is worthwhile to seek an understanding of their perspective.

I recently visited that nation and talked with a number of her citizens. I travelled 900 ground miles through six of North Korea’s nine provinces, as well as spending time in Pyongyang, the capital, and several other cities. I talked with dozens of people from all walks of life. Though times have been hard for North Koreans, especially in the 1990s, they long ago proudly rebuilt all of their dozens of cities, thousands of villages, and hundreds of dykes and dams destroyed during the war.

U.S. interference into the sovereign life of Korea immediately upon the 1945 surrender of the hated Japanese, who had occupied the Korean Peninsula for forty years, is one of the major crimes of the Twentieth Century, from which the Korean people have never recovered. (SEE “United States Government War Crimes,” Spring 2002 – issue # 1 of Global Outlook). From a North Korean’s perspective they (1) have vigorously opposed the unlawful and egregious division of their country from day one to the present, (2) were blamed for starting the “Korean War” which in fact had been a struggle between a minority of wealthy Koreans supporting continued colonization in collaboration with the U.S. and those majority Koreans who opposed it, (3) proudly and courageously held the U.S. and its “crony U.N. allies” to a stalemate during the “War,” and (4) have been tragically and unfairly considered a hostile nation ever since. They have not forgotten the forty years of Japanese occupation that preceded the U.S. imposed division and subsequent occupation that continues in the South. They deeply yearn for reunification of their historically unified culture.

Everyone I talked with, dozens and dozens of folks, lost one if not many more family members during the war, especially from the continuous bombing, much of it incendiary and napalm, deliberately dropped on virtually every space in the country. “Every means of communication, every installation, factory, city, and village” was ordered bombed by General MacArthur in the fall of 1950. It never stopped until the day of the armistice on July 27, 1953. The pained memories of people are still obvious, and their anger at “America” is often expressed, though they were very welcoming and gracious to me. Ten million Korean families remain permanently separated from each other due to the military patrolled and fenced dividing line spanning 150 miles across the entire Peninsula.

Let us make it very clear here for western readers. North Korea was virtually totally destroyed during the “Korean War.” U.S. General Douglas MacArthur’s architect for the criminal air campaign was Strategic Air Command head General Curtis LeMay who had proudly conducted the earlier March 10 – August 15, 1945 continuous incendiary bombings of Japan that had destroyed 63 major cities and murdered a million citizens. (The deadly Atomic bombings actually killed far fewer people.) Eight years later, after destroying North Korea’s 78 cities and thousands of her villages, and killing countless numbers of her civilians, LeMay remarked, “Over a period of three years or so we killed off – what – twenty percent of the population.”6 It is now believed that the population north of the imposed 38th Parallel lost nearly a third its population of 8 – 9 million people during the 37-month long “hot” war, 1950 – 1953, perhaps an unprecedented percentage of mortality suffered by one nation due to the belligerance of another.

Virtually every person wanted to know what I thought of Bush’s recent accusation of North Korea as part of an “axis of evil.” Each of the three governments comprising Bush’s “axis of evil” of course immediately condemned the remarks, North Korea being no exception. I shared with them my own outrage and fears, and they seemed relieved to know that not all “Americans” are so cruel and bellicose. As with people in so many other nations with whom the U.S. has treated with hostility, they simply cannot understand why the U.S. is so obsessed with them.

Koreans were relieved to learn that a recent poll had indicated eighty percent of South Koreans were against the U.S. belligerant stance against their northern neighbors. The North Korean government described Bush as a “typical rogue and a kingpin of terrorism” as he was visiting the South in February, only three weeks after presenting his threatening State of the Union address.7 It was also encouraging that the two Koreas resumed quiet diplomatic talks in March just as the U.S. and South Korea were once again conducting their regular, large-scale, joint military exercises so enraging to the North, and to an increasing number of people in the South among the growing reunification movement there.8

In the English-language newspaper, The Pyongyang Times, (February 23, 2002) there were articles entitled “US Is Empire of the Devil,” Korea Will Never Be a Threat to the US,” and “Bush’s Remarks Stand Condemned.” Quite frankly, all three of these articles relate a truth about the U.S. that would draw a consensus from many quarters around the world.

While in country, together we listened to Bush’s March 14 Voice of America (VOA) radio chastizement of North Korea. First, he stated that the North’s 200,000 prisoner population was proof of terrible repression. Though I had no way of knowing the number of prisoners in the North, any more than Bush did, I do know that the United States has 2 million prisoners which is similar in per-capita detention rate to that of North Korea if the 200,000 figure is accurate. Furthermore, the U.S. has a minimum of 3 million persons, mostly minority and poor, under state supervision of parole and probation. The U.S. sweeps its class and race problems into prison.

Second, Bush declared that half the population was considered unreliable and, as a result, received less monthly food rations. The Koreans are a proud people living in a Confucian tradition, having rebuilt their nation from virtual total destruction during the Korean war. I did not notice any obvious display of dissent. That some Koreans are desperate due to lack of food, water, and heat, especially in some rural areas, does not necessarily translate into dissent, though some are seeking relief by travel to neighboring countries.9

Third, Bush claimed that Koreans who listen to foreign radio are targeted for execution. Together we regularly listened to U.S.VOA radio broadcasts and they freely discussed the content of the broadcasts without fear of reprisals.

Fourth, Bush condemned the DPRK for spending too much on its military, causing food shortages for the people. Note: Again it must be remembered that it was the U.S. that unilaterally divided Korea following the Japanese surrender in August 1945, and subsequently ruled with a military occupation government in the south, overseeing the elimination of virtually the entire popular movement of (majority) opposition to U.S. occupation, murdering hundreds of thousands of people. The consequent Korean civil war that openly raged in 1948-1950 was completely ignored when the U.S. defined the beginning of the Korean War in 1950. The U.S. remains at war with the DPRK, never having signed a peace treaty with her. The war has left a deep scar in the Korean character with a memory that is regularly provoked by continued belligerance directed at the DPRK. The U.S. regularly holds joint military exercises with South Korean military forces aimed at the DPRK. The U.S. retains 37,000 military troops at 100 installations south of the 38th parallel. The U.S. has its largest Asian bombing range where it practices bombs five days a week, fifty-two weeks a year, despite opposition from many South Koreans. And now Bush has identified North Korea as part of an “axis of evil” targeted for nuclear attack. This is no remote idea to North Koreans. The U.S. possesses nuclear weapons on ships and planes in the Pacific region surrounding North Korea. Virtually every nation in this perilous position would be concerned about their defense.

It is worth noting that the United States is the leading military spender in the world resulting in substantial underfunding of its own indispensable social programs.

Fifth, Bush accused the DPRK of selling weapons to other nations. That is like the pot calling the kettle black. The U.S. is by far the largest manufacturer of conventional, nuclear, chemical, and biological weapons in the world. It is also the largest seller of these weapons, and has used conventional (against dozens of nations), biological (Cuba, China, Korea, perhaps others), chemical (Southeast Asia), and nuclear (Japan, and threatened to use them on at least 20 other occasions) weapons. In addition it has armed other nations with these weapons of mass destruction, including Iraq, one of those countries now identified as part of the “axis of evil.” In the year 2000, international arms sales were nearly $37 billion, with the U.S. being directly responsible for just over half of those sales. South Korea was the third largest buyer of weapons from the United States with $3.2 worth of military hardware.10 And in January 2002, South Korea was seriously contemplating purchasing an additional $3.2 billion worth of 40 F-X fighter jets from U.S. arms giant Boeing.

At the conclusion of this VOA radio broadcast, Koreans and I looked at each other in disbelief. But we also knew that we were in solidarity with each other as part of the human family. When I said goodbye to my new friends we embraced knowing that we live in a single world made up of a rich diversity of ideas and species. We know that we are going to live or die together, and hope that the arrogant and dangerous rhetoric and militarism of the United States will soon end so we can all live in peace. However, for that to happen, there will need to be a dramatic awakening among the people and a corresponding expression of massive nonviolent opposition that will make such threatening behavior impossible to carry out.


The mainstream news has been hysterical making up these felonious threats and accusations trying to make it appear that DPRK is in the wrong in its entirely defensive posture.

USA and South Korean forces are the ones threatening war and running invasion and nuclear attack simulations. DPRK has only said it would retaliate if attacked, this is not a threat, it is a promise, and should deter any reckless actions in the final planning stage being carried out.

This bs that DPRK will nuke Tokyo is made up, they've always said in the past they would only target military infrastructure and in self defense, and that it is the American forces that have in the past mercilessly bombed civilian targets and cities.

Here is the latest article from DPRK state news, notice no mention of threats on Tokyo. I cant find any mention of it from DPRK, but if it even was said we can be sure it was a threat of retaliation. It certainly isnt coming from any official source.

"Pyongyang, April 12 2013 (KCNA) -- The Secretariat of the Committee for the Peaceful Reunification of Korea (CPRK) issued information bulletin No. 1030 Friday as regards that the warmongers of the south Korean puppet military have laid out a "strategy for annihilating the north's army".

According to the strategy, a computer test simulating an all-out war on the Korean Peninsula showed the annihilation of more than 100 000 troops of the south Korean army 10 days into the war. So the strategy was worked out envisaging destroying the north's armed forces with the massive missile strikes in advance.

This strategy is said to be included in OPLAN 5015, a new war scenario against the DPRK.

To this end, the puppet military warmongers are desperately moving to purchase cutting-edge war means from abroad, while crying out for possessing their own capabilities for striking all the parts of the north from the south along the Military Demarcation Line by introducing long-range air-to-ground missiles for the present.

This is another serious war provocation plot aimed at a preemptive attack on the DPRK, the information bulletin said, and went on:

The puppet group is fanning up a war fever with such strategy like a puppy unafraid of a tiger. This will only precipitate its destruction.

The revolutionary Paektusan army which regards it as its priority mission to defend the leader, social system and the country, will mercilessly punish the puppet warmongers even before they make first movement. The "annihilation strategy" will never be able to see the light in face of the powerful blows from the DPRK.

What we are concerned is the land of south Korea that can turn into ashes, innocent civilians who can suffer and their properties that can sustain damage due to the puppet warmongers' reckless war frenzy.

We are now making preparations for giving celebration performance in the stronghold of the enemies after reducing it to ashes.

The puppet group should not run wild, clearly seeing the merciless spirit of the army and people of the DPRK all out in the great war of justice for national reunification."

The more we fall for the bankster occupied wests propaganda the more likely it is that they will launch this heinous war that will poison the entire planet with radiation and as Putin has said it will make Chernobyl look like a fairytale. I would add that this whole hysterical warmongering by NATO forces threatening to bomb DPRK, this is like some sick fairytale, and people better rise in opposition and rise fast because this will be hell on earthif the warmongers get their way and launch this war, or force DPRK to start it out of desperation.

What country has nuked Japanese cities? Oh ya, the USA, while for months leading up to it they reduced Tokyo to smoldering rubble to the point there was nothing even left to nuke. Yes it was USA that had a plan to nuke Tokyo. Japan was begging to surrender also but ignored, the USA wanted to test out its nukes on Japanese cities, murdering hundreds of thousands of innocent civilians.

The Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea is arguably one of 3 remaining non aligned countries with NWO planetary regime, in the banking control system, only Iran, DPRK, and Cuba are creating their own currencies, the rest are supplied by international central banks, all owned by our ruling "class". Ya real classy there sport, if you dont know or detest the notion of forced depopulation you better get your head screwed on straight. This is not a conspiracy theory my friends, the new world order is alive and well, and DPRK, Iran, Syrian armed forces, Russian armed forces, Chinese armed forces, and forces too numerous to list mixed in all around us in all the bankster occupied UN NWO agenda prison planet we all reside is all that stands in the way of a succesfull one world government becoming a reality.

So, patriots and dignitaries alike, tread lightly, do not be swayed by mainstream line, and realize the monumental moment we have at hand, the DPRK could well be freedoms last stand, do not judge hastily with prejudice the intentions of its people, leadership, and military, for it is real truth, peace, and unification that DPRK's real intentions are.


The recent launch of a satellite into orbit is only the latest of many achievements of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea. The northern half of the Korean peninsula is led by the Korean Workers Party, a revolutionary communist organization. The banks, factories and other commanding heights have been held in common and guided by a planned economy since 1948.

The DPRK’s socialist revolution has resulted in many achievements for the Korean people.

Building up industry

Before driving out the Japanese colonialists, north Korea had very little industrial production. After the revolution, Kim Il Sung led the country in developing its infrastructure. But from 1950 to 1953, the U.S. invaded the DPRK and tried to eradicate all that had been built with a massive bombing campaign. The Koreans resisted and finally an armistice was signed. Over the next three years, in the Three-Year Plan of 1954-1956, the industrial growth rate was at least 30 percent, even according to hostile U.S. sources. (“A Country Study: North Korea,” U.S. Library of Congress)

Between 1953 and 1956, the DPRK tripled its gross domestic product. Huge steel plants were erected. Electric power plants were also constructed. The country became industrialized at a pace that astounded economists all over the world. (“Korea: Division, Reunification, and U.S. Foreign Policy” by Martin Hart-Landsberg, Monthly Review Press, 1998)

Universal housing

Even during the extreme flooding and droughts of the “arduous march” period of the early 1990s, after the collapse of the USSR, no person in the DPRK has ever been deprived of their basic human right to housing. Dr. Bruce Cummings of the University of Chicago pointed out in his book “North Korea, Another Country” that the DPRK makes universal housing a priority. (New Press, 2003)

Currently, the country is working to construct 100,000 new “dwelling houses” in Pyongyang. (Korean Central News Agency, Jan. 22, 2010)

Universal employment

Article 70 of the DPRK’s constitution says: “Citizens have the right to work. All able-bodied citizens choose occupations in accordance with their wishes and skills and are provided with stable jobs and working conditions. Citizens work according to their abilities and are paid in accordance with the quantity and quality of their work.” There is no unemployment in the DPRK.


During the period of Japanese occupation, many working people in Korea were illiterate. The socialist revolution in the northern half of the country established a system of compulsory universal education. According to the CIA World Factbook, literacy in the DPRK is 99 percent.

Kim Il Sung, the founder of the DPRK, emphasized how important education was for constructing socialism. His book “Theses on Socialist Education” is considered one of his most important writings. National Reunification Down through the ages the Korean nation has lived in this land as a homogeneous nation with one culture. However, now the Korean people are suffering the tragedy of national division due to the schemes of the foreign forces. Half a century has already passed since the nation was divided into the north and the south. A ferroconcrete wall runs 240 kilometres along the front line south of the Military Demarcation Line as a barrier across the Korean peninsula. The separated families and kinsmen do not hear what has happened to each other, alive or dead, let alone visit each other; meanwhile, the generations are changing. The national division prevents the coordinated use of the country's natural wealth and the inexhaustible strength and talents of the people for the prosperity of the country. The problem of Korea's reunification presents itself not only as an internal problem of the Korean nation but also as an urgent task of the times for the world peace. The Government of the DPRK has advanced proposals for the independent, peaceful reunification on more than 200 occasions up to now. Three Principles of National Reunification, In his speech on August 6, Juche 60 (1971), President Kim Il Sung gave an analysis of the domestic and foreign situation which was developing in favour of national reunification and put forward a policy for holding negotiations on a broad scale. He declared that the north was always ready to have contact with the Democratic Republican Party, the then ruling party of south Korea, or individual personages. This proposal marked an historic turn in the struggle to realize the cause of Korea's peaceful reunification. When the proposal was made public, the voice of the people at home and abroad, demanding that the proposal be met, grew irresistible. The south Korean authorities, which had previously opposed any contacts between the north and the south, had no choice but to agree to the opening of a dialogue, though initially only in the form . of Red Cross talks. In August Juche 60 (1971), the first contact took place between the representatives of the north and south Korean Red Cross organizations. Dialogue was opened at last. A breach was made in the barrier that had stood between the north and the south for a quarter of a century. Afterwards President Kim Il Sung reiterated his principled stand on national reunification on several occasions and advanced a new proposal for extending the scope of north-south dialogue. As a result, north-south high-level talks were held separately from the Red Cross talks. In May Juche 61 (1972), President Kim II Sung received in Pyongyang the south Korean delegates to the high-level political talks between north and south Korea. In his talks with them, the President explained the principles of national reunification, saying that the north and the south must combine their efforts for national reunification. To this end, there should be some principles which both sides should observe, he said. He continued: "The three principles of realizing independent reunification without outside interference, achieving great national unity by transcending differences in ideas, ideals and systems, and reunifying the divided land by peaceful means without recourse to armed force, are the starting point of and the basis for the solution of our reunification question. " The North-South Joint Statement was announced on July. 4, Juche 61 (1972). The three principles laid down by President Kim II Sung constitute the keynote of this statement. The announcement of the joint statement marked a definite milestone in the Korean people's struggle for national reunification. The 28th Session of the UN General Assembly endorsed the principles of independence, peaceful reunification and great national unity as the only correct principles to be observed in negotiating a settlement of the Korean reunification issue. After the announcement of the joint statement the Government of the Republic took a number of measures to implement the agreed issues. It put forward the five-point proposal to remove the present military confrontation between the north and the south which is the most pressing and key problem in dispelling disbelief and misunderstanding between the north and the south, deepening mutual confidence and creating an atmosphere of great national unity. In addition, the Government of the Republic proposed to hold a political consultative conference to be attended by the representatives of political parties and public organizations and individual personages from all strata in the north and the south. In his speech Let Us Prevent a National Division and Reunify the Country, delivered on June 23, Juche 62 (1973), President Kim II Sung advanced the five-point policy for national reunification: to remove military confrontation and ease tension between the north and south, bring about multilateral collaboration and interchange between the two parts, convene the Great National Congress composed of representatives of people of all levels and political parties and social organizations in the north and south, institute the north-south confederation under the single name of the Confederal Republic of Koryo, and enter the UN under that name. The five-point policy for national reunification received the wholehearted support of all the peace-loving countries and people in the world, to say nothing of the entire north and south Korean people. The Fourth Summit Conference of Non-Aligned Countries acclaimed the five-point policy as being in accord not only with the interests of the Korean people but also with those of world peace. The conference expressed full support for it. In March Juche 63 (1974), the Third Session of the Fifth Supreme People's Assembly of the DPRK proposed that a peace agreement be concluded between the DPRK and the US with a view to dispelling tension in Korea and promoting the independent, peaceful reunification of Korea in line with the new policy advanced by President Kim Il Sung. In the then situation which brought Korea to the brink of war, this proposal mirrored the earnest desire of the Korean people for a genuine guarantee of relaxation of the tension prevailing in Korea and acceleration of independent and peaceful reunification on the principle of national self-determination. For this reason, it was welcomed by peace-loving people throughout the world who urged the US to accept it in good faith. The US made no response to this peace proposal. In an effort to remove the danger of war and of permanent national division and to accelerate independent, peaceful reunification, the joint conference of representatives of political parties and public organizations of the Republic held in January Juche 66 (1977) produced the lour-point proposal for national salvation: to establish unity between the socialist forces in the north and patriotic democratic forces in the south, who aspire after reunification; to ease tension between the north and the south and remove the danger of nuclear war; to eliminate the cause of discord within the nation and create an atmosphere of great national unity; and lastly to convene a north-south political consultative conference of the representatives of political parties, public organizations and people of all strata as a forum for discussion of these issues. In January Juche 68 {1979), the Central Committee of the Democratic Front for the Reunification of the Fatherland convened the joint meeting of political parties and public organizations in the northern half of Korea at the suggestion of the Workers' Party of Korea and made an important new proposal. The main tenets of this proposal were that spirit and principles of the July 4 North-South Joint Statement should be reaffirmed, mutual slander should cease, all military activities should be unconditionally discontinued, and a pan-national conference should be held. Then the committee took a series of practical steps to put the proposal into effect. Plan for the Founding of the Democratic Confederal Republic of Koryo, 10-Point Programme of the Great Unity of the Whole Nation President Kim Il Sung advanced a plan for founding the Democratic Confederal Republic of Koryo at the Sixth Congress of the Workers' Party of Korea in October Juche 69 (1980). He stated that the most realistic and reasonable way to reunify the country independently, peacefully and on the principle of great national unity was to draw the north and south together into a confederal state, leaving the ideas and social systems existing in the north and south as they were. He therefore proposed a new plan to reunify the country by founding a confederal republic through the establishment of a unified national government on condition that the north and the south recognize and tolerate each other's ideas and social system, a government in which the two sides are represented on an equal footing and under which they exercise regional autonomy respectively with equal rights and duties. He recommended that in the unified state of a confederal type a supreme national confederal assembly should be formed with an equal number of representatives from north and south and an appropriate number of representatives of overseas nationals and that this assembly should organize a confederal standing committee to guide the regional governments of the north and south and to administer all affairs of the confederal state. He added that it would be a good idea to call the confederal state the Democratic Confederal Republic of Koryo. The DCRK should be a neutral country which does not participate in any political, military alliance or bloc. As a unified state, embracing the whole of the territory and people of the country, it should pursue a policy which agrees with the fundamental interests and demands of the entire Korean people. With its sincere efforts to achieve the peaceful reunification by founding the DCRK, the Government of the Republic put forward several new overtures for peace. Early in Juche 73 (1984) the Republic proposed holding tripartite talks among the DPRK, the US and south Korea to conclude a peace agreement between the Republic and the United States, in place of the Armistice Agreement, and to adopt a nonaggression declaration between the north and the south, as a fundamental step towards peace on the Korean peninsula. Then in Juche 75 (1986) it took the initiative in suspending military exercises to help ease the tension and offered new proposals for talks between the military authorities and for converting the Korean peninsula into a nuclear-free peace zone. In his policy speech delivered at the First Session of the Eighth Supreme People's Assembly on December 30, Juche 75 (1986), President Kim II Sung proposed holding high-level political and military talks between the north and the south in order to settle the urgent question of national reunification. In his policy speech President Kim Il Sung said that if the north-south high-level political and military talks and dialogues in other spheres succeed, the north-south summit talks might be held to discuss the fundamental questions regarding national reunification. In its statement dated July 23, Juche 76 (1987) the Government of the DPRK advanced a new proposal on massive phased military reduction. It proposed that the north and south of Korea must reduce their armed forces and each maintain a force of less than 100,000; in parallel with this, the United States should withdraw all its forces including nuclear weapons from south Korea and dismantle its military bases there. In publishing its new overture on arms reduction, the Government of the Republic announced that it would take the unilateral step of demobilizing the Korean People's Army by 100,000 men by the end of Juche 76 (1987). On April 6, Juche 82 (1993) President Kim II Sung published the JO~Point Programme of the Great Unity of the Whole Nation for the Reunification of the Country at the Fifth Session of the Ninth Supreme People's Assembly. It is as follows: 1. A unified state, independent, peaceful and neutral, should be founded through the great unity of the whole nation. 2. Unity should be based on patriotism and the spirit of national independence. 3. Unity should be achieved on the principle of promoting co-existence, co-prosperity and common interests and subordinating everything to the cause of national reunification. 4. All political disputes that foment division and confrontation between fellow countrymen should be ended and unity should be achieved. 5. The fear of invasion from both south and north. and the ideas of prevailing over communism and communization should be dispelled, and north and south should believe in each other and unite. 6. The north and south should value democracy and join hands on the road to national reunification, without rejecting each other because of differences in ideals and principles. 7. The north and south should protect the material and spiritual wealth of individuals and organizations and encourage their use for the promotion of great national unity. 8. Understanding, trust and unity should be built up across the nation through contact, exchange visits and dialogue. 9. The whole nation, north, south and overseas. should strengthen its solidarity for the sake of national reunification. 10. Those who have contributed to the great unity of the nation and to the cause of national reunification should be honoured. Today the people of Korea and the rest of the world earnestly wish that advances be made in the solution of reunification question of Korea. Korea's division is a tragic legacy left by the politics of the world in the 20th century. So, its continuance to the 21st century is quite abnormal. Three Charters for National Reunification On August 4, Juche 86 (1997) Comrade Kim Jong Il made public the works Let Us Carry Out the Great Leader Comrade Kim Il Sung 's Instructions for National Reunification. This is a new programme which elucidaied a way to accomplish the cause of reunification. It reflects his determination to adhere to and carry out President Kim II Sung's will for reunification to the last. In this works Comrade Kim Jong II defined the three principles of independence, peaceful reunification and great national unity, the 10-point programme of the great unity of the whole nation and the plan for founding the Democratic Confederal Republic of Koryo as the three charters for national reunification. At the same time he clarified his programme and determination to accomplish the cause of national reunification. In addition, he provided a significant guide to the realization of independent, peaceful reunification: He stressed that relations between the north and the south should be converted into a relationship of confidence and reconciliation and that the Government of the Republic would make efforts to normalize the relations with the countries which are responsible for the Korean question. On April 18, Juche 87 (1998) Comrade Kim Jong II made public his works Let Us Reunify the Country Independently and Peacefully through the Great Unity of the Entire Nation. In this works he advanced five principles for great national unity maintaining the principle of national independence, uniting under the banner of patriotism, the banner of national reunification, improving the relations between the north and south, fighting against the domination and interference of the foreign forces and the antireunification forces, and promoting visits, contacts, dialogues and solidarity among our compatriots. This is a great charter for national unity, a development of President Kim II Sung's idea on great national unity as suited to the requirements of the developing situation. In reflection of the desire of the whole nation in the north, south and abroad, Comrade Kim Jong II saw to it that a great national conference, a nationwide negotiation for reunification, was held in Juche 84 (1995) to mark the 50th anniversary of the liberation of the country from the Japanese colonial rule. This historic meeting held in Panmunjom confirmed that President Kim II Sung's proposal for reunifying the country through federation is the nation's common way to reunification. This was a historic event that marked a new milestone in the advance of the reunification movement of Korea. With a clearer objective, orientation and principles, the Korean people have become able to step up their grand march for national reunification in the next millenium. Fundamental Rights of Citizens The DPRK practically guarantees the people genuine political freedom and rights according to the fundamental requirement of the Juche idea for enhancing man's independence and creativity in every way. In the DPRK the rights and duties of citizens are based on the collectivist principle, "One for all and all for one." The Socialist Constitution of the DPRK specifies that the state effectively guarantees all the conditions for the democratic rights and liberties as well as the material and cultural well-being of the citizens. All the citizens who have reached 17 years of age have the right to elect and to be elected, irrespective of sex, race, occupation, length of residence, property status, education, party affiliation, political views and religion. They also have freedom of speech, the press, assembly, demonstration and association, freedom of religious beliefs and they are entitled to submit complaints and petitions. The workers, peasants and other working people, as masters of power, participate in state administration and freely engage in socio-political activities in political parties and public organizations. The working people have the right to work and rest, the right to education and free medical care and freedom of scientific, literary and artistic pursuits. Women are accorded equal social status and rights with men. The state affords special privilege to mothers and children. Marriage and the family are protected by the state. The working people are guaranteed inviolability of the person and the home and privacy of correspondence. The rights and freedom of citizens steadily increase with the consolidation and development of the socialist system.

Foreign RelationsForeign Relations The ideals underlying the DPRK's foreign relations are independence, peace and friendship. The Government of the Republic strives to further strengthen friendship and solidarity with the world's people on the basis of the ideas of independence, peace and friendship and to make the international community independent and democratic and thus actively contribute to the common cause of mankind to build a free, peaceful, friendly new world, free from domination and subjugation. On the principle of independence the Government of the Republic promotes friendship and cooperation with the various countries of the world and makes positive efforts to destroy the old international order of domination and subjugation, establish a new one, based on equality, justice and fairness and develop the South-South cooperation on the principle of collective self-reliance. At the same time it makes every effort in unity with all the peace-loving peoples of the world to frustrate the aggression, interference and disturbance of imperialists, reduce armaments, nuclear armaments in particular, thereby meeting the desire of human beings to live in a world, free from nuclear weapons, and to safeguard peace and security in Asia and the rest of the world. Today the Government of the Republic has established diplomatic relations with more than 140 countries. It is promoting economic and cultural exchange and cooperation with most of the countries of the world. It has up to now joined more than 210 international organizations and plays an active part. Today the ties of friendship between Korea and many other countries of the world have become closer; the Korean people's cause of national reunification and socialist construction is gaining increasing support and encouragement. Committees supporting Korea's reunification have been organized in many countries of the world and are active. In addition, the International Institute of the Juche Idea and organizations for the study of the Juche idea including regional institutes established in Latin America, Asia, Europe and Africa are expanding their sphere of activity. The Government of the Republic makes contributions to ensurihg the peace and security of the Korean peninsula, Asia and other parts of the world through its invariable independent stand, policies for its peaceful reunification and nuclear development for peaceful purpose.


Socio-Economic SystemSocio-Economic System Self-reliant National Economy After liberation, the DPRK government conducted the building of the self-reliant national economy from the beginning of constructing a new society and it stepped the work up on a full-scale after the Korean War. President Kim II Sung set forth the main line of economic construction; that is to prioritize heavy industry and seek simultaneous development of light industry and agriculture and wisely led to embody it at every stage of the economic construction. The country had to start from scratch in the postwar time since everything was destroyed. It is since then on the Korean people rebuilt the factories in a short span of time and produced steel by their own efforts, and manufactured the huge machine tools, large scale excavators, heavy trucks, electric locomotives, large ships, 10 000-ton¬level of huge press and other huge machines and precision machines. Thanks to the successful implementation of the task of overall technical revolution relying on its own powerful heavy industry bases, various sectors of the national economy were put on a firm footing of modern technology and the economy was equipped with a well-streamlined modern national self-reliant economy. And many sided, modernized system of independent national economy which relies mainly on its own materials and fuels has been completed. General Kim Jong Il inherited the main line of building a socialist economy which President Kim Il Sung put forward and maintained consistently and develop in accordance with the changed reality to present the new line of giving priority to the development of national defence industry while simultaneously developing light industry and agriculture for economic construction in Songun era. The Korean people regarded this line as the powerful weapon for building a great prosperous and powerful socialist country and did their best to realize this so that they made unprecedented great leap and great innovation in economic construction. Socialist Ownership The DPRK is the socialist country that socialist ownership of the means of production has been regarded as an economic foundation. The socialist ownership of the means of production, the economic foundation of the republic consists of state ownership and the ownership of cooperative organizations. State ownership means ownership by the entire people and there is no limitation in the object of state ownership. All natural resources, main factories and enterprises, harbours, banks, transportation means and communication organizations are only owned by the state. The ownership of cooperative organizations is the collective ownership of the working people in the cooperative economy. The cooperative organizations can own land, drought animals, farming tools, fishing boats, buildings, main factories and enterprises. State ownership was realized through the nationalization of major industries and expanded rapidly with the development of state-run industry. Ownership by cooperative organizations was realized through socialist reforms on production relations strengthened and developed fast according to the development of agriculture. Management of Socialist Economy The government of the DPRK leads and manages the economy by the principle of right combination between political leadership and economic and technical guidance, the unified leadership of the state and creativity of every unit democracy and unified control, the political and moral incentives and material incentives. The unified and detailed planning, created by President Kim Il Sung and intensified and developed by General Kim Jong Il, is the best scientific and revolutionary system of planning and method. The unified planning prevents in advance the departmentalism and localism of the producers and subjectivism and bureaucratism of the state organs by combining the state's centralized guidance with the mass line so that it helps to draw up dynamic and scientific plan. The detailed planning helps to grant the whole and detailed balance of national economy by calculating every element of production concretely and enabling all the branches to come into the finest details in managerial activities in a nationwide scale. Thus, it helps to eliminate the factors of imbalance and spontaneity in economic development and develop national economy rapidly. Labour System The socialist labour system in the DPRK is the one that is centered on the popular masses, and it provides the working people with independent and creative labor lives free from exploitation and oppression. In the socialist system of the country where people are masters of the state and society, every working-age citizen has the right to labor on equal terms irrespective of nationality, sex, age, social affiliation and religious belief. The rights to labor include free choice of occupations, offering stable jobs and labor conditions and rewards for labor according to quality and quantity of labor. In the country where unemployment was gone long ago, the right of a citizen to labor has been proclaimed and substantially provided .by law. The labor law which was proclaimed in June, Juche 35 (1946) introduced a 8-hour labor regime and was reinforced by the Socialist Labor Law newly adopted in April, Juche 68 (1979). The daily labor span is also 7 hours or 6 hours according to the conditions of heavy and special labors. The socialist reward-for-labor regime is materialized through salaries, bonus and bounty according to the quality and quantity of labor and through distribution by working-day in the cooperative economy. Under-age child labor is totally prohibited in the country. The State and Social Benefits Apart from gains by labor, the people enjoy enormous additional benefits from the state thanks to socialist policies enforced by the Party and the government. Food Supply Benefit The state supplies food to workers, office employees and even newly-born babies. The state purchases rice at the price of 189 won per kg and corn at 96 won per kg from cooperative farms and sells rice at 46 won and corn-processed noodles at 33 won. Benefits from Providing Houses The state is involved in building and allotting dwelling houses free of charge, and the people are ignorant of dwelling tax. It is the only country that builds and allots dwelling houses for working people and bears most of the utility costs. The state builds rural dwelling houses for nothing and never receives rentals from the cooperative farmers. Benefits from Free Medical Care The country enforced free medical care for workers, office workers and their dependents since January Juche 36 (1947). Universal free medical care was enforced since January, Juche 42 (1953) and the complete, universal free medical care since February, Juche 49 (1960). Thus, the state bears totally the expenses of medical checkups and treatment, bed and board in hospitals, medicines, and even travel costs to and from sanatoria. Benefits from Free Education The country enforced universal free education at all educational institutes since Juche 48 (1959). Today the country offers the complete 11-year compulsory free education which enables from kindergarteners to university students to study free of charge. Even college and university students are learning supported by scholarships from the state. Benefits from Tax Exemption Thanks to the popular policies pursued by the Party and the government of the Republic, the country eliminated the devilish tax regime enforced by the Japanese imperialists, landlords and capitalists and gradually reduced some taxes which led to abolishing the agricultural tax in kind in Juche 55 (1966) and a small amount of income taxes paid by workers and office workers in April Juche 63 (1974), thus completely eliminating the tax regime, a legacy of the old society. Benefits from Social Insurance and Social Security System Female workers take 5 months of maternity leave, and in case of having more than 3 children, receive salaries equivalent to 8 hours' work even though they work for 6 hours. When workers become physically impaired due to diseases, wounds and other factors, they are provided with relevant subsidies, treatment and living conditions from the state. Old pensioners (men over 60, women over 55) receive pensions and old people and orphans devoid of care receive living conditions from the state.

Juche IdeologyJuche Ideology The Democratic People's Republic of Korea is guided in its activities by the Juche idea authored by President Kim Il Sung. The Juche idea means, in a nutshell, that the masters of the revolution and construction are the masses of the people and that they are also the motive force of the revolution and construction. The Juche idea is based on the philosophical principle that man is the master of everything and decides everything. It is the man-centred world outlook and also a political philosophy to materialize the independence of the popular masses, namely, a philosophy which elucidates the theoretical basis of politics that leads the development of society along the right path. The Government of the DPRK steadfastly maintains Juche in all realms of the revolution and construction. Establishing Juche means adopting the attitude of a master towards the revolution and construction of one's country. It means maintaining an independent and creative standpoint in finding solutions to the problems which arise in the revolution and construction. It implies solving those problems mainly by one's own efforts and in conformity with the actual conditions of one's own POLITICS country. The realization of independence in politics, selfsufficiency in the economy and self-reliance in national defence is a principle the Government maintains consistently. The Korean people value the independence of the country and nation and, under the pressure of imperialists and dominationsts, have thoroughly implemented the principle of independence, self-reliance and self-defence, defending the country's sovereignty and dignity firmly. It is an invariable policy of the Government of the Republic, guided by the Juche idea, to treasure the Juche character and national character and maintain and realize them. The Government of the Republic always adheres to the principle of Juche, the principle of national independence, and thus is carrying out the socialist cause of Juche.

Political SystemPolitical System Character, Tasks and Ultimate Goal of the State The DPRK is an independent socialist state representing the interests of all the Korean people. The Republic is the Juche-oriented socialist state which embodies the idea and leadership of Comrade Kim II Sung, the founder of the Republic and the father of socialist Korea. His idea and the achievements made under his leadership are the basic guarantee for the Republic's prosperity. The socialist system of the Republic is a people-centred social system in which the masses of the working people are the masters of everything and everything in society serves them. In accordance with the nature of its socialist system, the Government of the Republic defends and protects the interests of workers, peasants and intellectuals and all other working people who have become masters of state and society, free from exploitation and oppression. It is the fundamental revolutionary task for the Government of the Republic to achieve the complete victory of socialism in the northern half of Korea by strengthening the people's power and vigorously performing the three revolutions the ideological, technological and cultural and to reunify the country on the principle of independence, peaceful reunification and great national unity. Under the leadership of the Workers' Party of Korea the Republic and the Korean people uphold the great leader Comrade Kim II Sung as the eternal President of the Republic and are speeding up the historic march to carry the revolutionary cause started by him through to completion by inheriting and carrying forward his ideas and achievements. System of State Organs Power Organs Power organs consist mainly of the central power organ and local power organ. The central power organ is the Supreme People's Assembly and the SPA standing committee during its recession. Local power organ is the people's assembly at all levels. The Supreme People's Assembly is the supreme power organ of the Republic. It holds a highest position and authority of the Republic and exercises legislative power. It has also the rights to organize the important state organs. The Presidium of the Supreme People's Assembly is the supreme power organ during its recession. Local people's assembly is the local power organ and includes provincial (or the city under the direct jurisdiction) people's assemblies, city (or district) people's assemblies and county people's assemblies. National Defence Commission What is most important in the state administration system is the authority of the national defence commission. The National Defence Commission is the supreme military guidance commission in the national sovereign organ and the general national defence administrative organ. It is the standing supreme power organ of the national defence sector, and at the same time, this becomes the backbone organ in the state administrative organ as an administration organ. The post of the chairman of the National Defence Commission is the highest post of the state where he commands all the work of the politics, military and economy and defends the state system of the socialist country and defends the destiny of the people and organizes and leads the work to strengthen and develop the national defensive power and general state power. Administration Organs This consists of central administration and local administration organs. Central administration organ is the cabinet and the local administration organs are the local people's committee at all levels. The cabinet is the government of the Republic. As the administrative execution body and the general state management body of a supreme organ, the cabinet carries out the laws, decrees, decisions and orders and has been seizing in a unified way all the works in the state management and gives a nationwide guidance. Local power organs are composed of provincial (or the city under the direct jurisdiction) people's committees, city (or district) people's committees and county people's committees. And they also are the administrative executive bodies. Prosecutorial and Justice System The prosecutorial body is a state organ supervises the observance and execution of the socialist law. This system has central prosecutorial office, provincial (or the city under the direct jurisdiction), city (or district), county prosecutorial offices and special prosecutorial offices. The central prosecutorial office controls over all the work in a unified way. The justice body is a state organ exercising the socialist judicial power. The justice organs have the central court, provincial (or the city under the direct jurisdiction) courts, people's courts and special courts. Every court has judges and people's assessors. The central court is the supreme justice body of the country.

Modern Korea Modern Korea Modern Korea and Korean National Association History of modern Korea dating from 1860 is characterized by anti-aggression and anti-feudal struggle that is aimed at repulsing the armed aggression of the foreign forces and opposing the feudal system that stood in the way of social development. The sinking of US aggressive ship "General Sherman" in 1866 decorated the beginning of the history of modern Korea with a victory. It was followed by a series of successful repulsions of foreign aggressors, including the invasion of French fleet in 1866, US fleet in 1871 and Japanese warship "Unyo-maru" in 1875. However, the conclusion of unequal "Kanghwado Treaty" in 1876 forced by Japanese imperialists and abetted by flunkeyism and submissive behaviour of feudal rulers reduced Korea to a semi-colony. A number of important events such as Imo Soldiers' Uprising in 1882, Kapsin coup d'etat in 1884 aimed at modernizing the country, Kabo Reform and Kabo Peasants' Uprising in 1894 were good examples of Korean people's struggles against the Japanese aggressors and feudal rulers. However, all the above-mentioned events never succeeded what with the armed intervention and subversive moves of Japanese imperialists and corrupt feudal rulers. The Japanese imperialists colonized Korea by fabricating the unlawful "Five Point Korea-Japan Treaty" in November 1905, and manufactured the "Korea-Japan Annexation Treaty" in 1910. For over a decade around 1910, Korean people staged the movement of Righteous Volunteers' Army and dealt a serious blow to Japanese imperialists. Secret societies, patriotic cultural movements and independence movements abroad all played important roles in Korean people's struggles for independence. The March First Uprising in Juche 8 (1919) that spread across the entire country was another blow to the Japanese imperialists. The lack of leadership by an outstanding leader was the very reason why the March First Uprising failed. The anti-Japanese national liberation movement of Korean people was finally placed on the right track of development with the leadership of Kim Hyong Jik, father of President Kim Il Sung and an indomitable revolutionary fighter. On March 23, Juche 6 (1917), Kim Hyong Jik founded the Korean National Association in Pyongyang. The KNA was the largest underground anti-Japanese revolutionary organization of the time at home and abroad. The extending and strengthening of the KNA gave rise to active anti-Japanese struggle of the people and struck Japanese troops with fear. In Juche (1917), Kim Hyong Jik, who was energetically advancing anti-Japanese patriotic struggle, was arrested by the Japanese police that was tipped by its informants. It was in the prison that he came to hear the news of victorious October Socialist Revolution in Russia. This made him review the lessons learnt in the anti-Japanese movement, during which he was convinced that the only valid way to achieve national independence and win freedom and emancipation for people was to rely on the proletarian revolution led by communism. Upon his release from prison in October Juche 7 (1918), Kim Hyong Jik shifted the arena of anti-Japanese struggle to northern part of the country near the border. Consequently, Kim Hyong Jik arranged for the meetings in Chongsu-dong and Kwanjon where he saw to it that the nationalist movement in the anti-Japanese national liberation struggle were converted to proletarian revolution. The members of the KNA had been actively engaged in a campaign aimed at disseminating progressive ideas among the proletarian masses, organizing the revolutionary forces with workers and peasants as the mainstay and staging armed activities. The anti-Japanese national liberation struggle that was in the process of changing its guidelines to proletarian ones suffered a great setback with the demise of Kim Hyong Jik in June Juche 15 (1926). The historical task of national liberation was thus to be shouldered by the great President Kim Il Sung. New History of the Nation It was President Kim Il Sung who successfully pioneered the victorious modern history of Korea. He was born on April 15, Juche 1 (1912) in Mangyongdae, Pyongyang. The birth of the President was a great stroke of luck for the Korean nation an event unprecedented in the history of the nation. From then on, a new chapter was opened in the Korean history and the new origin of the Juche era. It represented the beginning of the era of Juche. Patriotism and love for the nation and people had been long-lasting tradition in the President's family, which has been the most patriotic and revolutionary family for generations. Thanks to the patriotic education and revolutionary influence of his parents, the President grew up to be a great revolutionary with the help of tireless study, first-hand experiences of thecontradictory realities of the contemporary society and revolutionary practice in a struggle against the Japanese imperialists. Being told by his father that the Korean revolutionaries should know Korea well, he was studying in Changdok School in Korea when he heard the news of his father's arrest in January Juche 14 (1925). He firmly made up' his mind not to return to fatherland without achieving the independence of Korea and left Pyongyang for Fusong. The President's journey to Fusong, crossing River Amnok, has been known in history as the One Thousand-ri Journey for national liberation. The demise of his father on June 5, Juche 15 (1926) was the most severe loss for the President. He summoned up his courage from the idea of "Aim High" and mustering comrades, preparedness for 3 hardships and two pistols--noble legacy left by his father. He firmly resolved to devote his life to the cause of national liberation, remaining true to the behest of his father. In June Juche 15 (1926), he went to Huadian to explore a new path of Korean revolution. After his admission to Huachengyishu, the President made profound analysis of the previous theories and progressive ideas of the working class in connection with the reality of Korea. He came to draw the conclusion that revolutionaries should have one's own faith and judgment and pioneer the path of revolution by staying among the people and relying on their strength. The President gave priority to the work of mustering comrades among the students of Huachengyishu who shared the same will--on the basis of his decision that a new and fresh generation of young communists should be raised, that a powerful vanguard organization should be founded with the young communists as the core and that the popular masses must be awakened to revolutionary consciouness and duly organized. As a result of the great President's efforts, the DIU (that stands for "Down-WithImperialism Union") was founded on October 17, Juche 15 (1926) in Huadian. The DIU set forth as its program the liberation and independence of Korea, building of socialism and communism in Korea and struggle for the victory of communism all over the world. With the foundation of the DIU and revolutionary struggles by the President, the new era of Korean revolution was opened up. This marked the beginning of the glorious revolutionary cause of Juche. Advancement of Juche-Oriented Revolutionary Line After the foundation of the DIU, the President moved his arena of activities to Jilin in order to expand the scope of the revolutionary struggle. From January Juche 16 (1927) he enrolled himself in the Yuwen Middle School, Jilin, and launched revolutionary activities. The Japanese troops stepped up their crack-down by the fall of Juche 8 (1929). In an attempt to strengthen their military presence in northeastern part of China and stamp out the growth of revolutionary forces, the Japanese imperialists instigated the Chinese reactionary warlords to suppress the activities of Korean revolutionaries. The President was arrested by the reactionary police in that fall. While being imprisoned from the fall to May Juche 19 (1930), he reviewed and analysed the experiences and lessons left by the Korean national liberation movements and communist movements along with experiences of revolutionary movements in other countries and thus discovered the truth of revolution which later became the starting points of the Juche idea. The President held a meeting for the cadres of the Communist Youth League and the Anti-Imperialist Youth League in Kalun from June 30 to July 2, Juche 19 (1930). In this meeting, he presented a historic report, entitled "The Path of the Korean Revolution". In his report, he clarified the principles of the Juche idea, defined the character and prime task of Korean revolution and gave full illustration of the strategic and tactical issues aimed at the completion of the task. He defined the character of Korean revolution as the anti-imperialist, anti-feudal democratic revolution. He went on to clarify the driving force and targets of the revolution. He further declared that the revolution should be continued even after the completion of anti-imperialist, anti-feudal democratic revolution so as to build socialist and communist society and carry forward the world revolution. He said that, in order to fulfill the prime task of the Korean revolution, the anti-Japanese armed struggle must be staged, unified anti-Japanese national front should be formed and a revolutionary party must be founded. Since then, the anti-Japanese national liberation struggle and communist movement in our country entered a new phase of development, being guided by the Juche idea, Songun idea and Juche-oriented revolutionary line. the first party organization consisting of the new generation communists was founded in July Juche 19 (1930); it was soot followed by the foundation of the Korean Revolutionary Army the political and paramilitary organization. Foundation of Revolutionary Armed Forces On September 18, Juche 20 (1931), Japan fabricated "Manchuria Incident" and invaded Manchuria. The abrupt change in the situation called for immediate launching of armed struggle. All the conditions and possibilities for the organized armed struggle were in place. The President saw the period as providing a golden chance for the launching of armed struggle. Hence, he arranged a meeting at Migyuegou, Yanji for the cadres of Party and Communist Youth League on December 16, Juche 20 (1931), and delivered the historic speech "On organizing and waging armed struggle against Japanese imperialism". He emphasized the need to mobilize all the patriotic forces in the armed struggle and put forth the strategic policy to organize and conduct armed struggle in the form of guerrilla warfare. As the task and way of conducting the armed struggle, he pointed out that the anti-Japanese People's Guerrilla Army (AJPGA) be formed. For this, he said the armed ranks be organized with the young communists as the backbone who were trained in the hardest time of struggle to involve later the progressive young people, and in this way, the guerrilla units would be expanded. He also said that they should arm themselves with the trophies of the enemy weapons while at the same time manufacturing the weapons by their own hands. He also emphasized that small guerrilla units be organized at every local area to gradually develop them into a large revolutionary forces and that guerrilla bases be formed, massive foundation for armed struggle be built up, anti-Japanese united front be formed between the Korean and Chinese people, and for this, he said party organizations be born, the work of the young communist league be further strengthened and the role of party organizations be enhanced. With the Mingyuegou meeting as a momentum, anti-Japanese war was declared openly to annihilate the Japanese imperialists under the slogan "arms for arms, revolutionary offensive for counter-revolutionary offensive". After this meeting, President Kim Il Sung worked hard to found the anti-Japanese People's Guerrilla Army. On the basis of these preparations, the President proclaimed the founding of the Anti-Japanese People's Guerrilla Army, the first revolutionary armed forces at Xiaoshahe, Antu county on April 25, Juche 21 (1932). The founding was an historical event of bringing about a radical change in the revolutionary struggle of the Korean people. The founding of the AJPGA opened up the new chapter of Songun revolutionary leadership which gave initiative to founding army and lead revolution to victory relying on it. Setting up of the Guerrilla Bases As the AJPGA was founded and as the anti-Japanese armed struggle was in a full swing, the work to set up guerrilla bases was conducted in the vast areas along the River Tuman. In accordance with the tasks set forth at the Xiaoshahe meeting in May Juche 21 (1932), this work became more accelerated. Less than in a few months, guerrilla zones were stretched in the vast areas along the River Tuman. The guerrilla zones became the assembling points where a great number of revolutionary people gathered from east Manchuria, home and abroad and different organizations of all strata as well as paramilitary organizations were organized, including party and youth league organizations, Farmers' Association, Anti-Japanese Women's Association, Red Guards, Young Vanguards, and Children's Corps. True to the policy and lines of President Kim Il Sung at the Xiaoshahe meeting, people's power organs and people's revolutionary government were formed within the guerrilla zones in order to stabilize the life of the people and expand and develop the armed struggle. The people's revolutionary government exercised the democratic reforms and other policies such as land reform all of which were suited to their mission and character. This zone was turned into a new world for the people where they enjoyed political rights and freedom, happy and stable life. As the guerrilla zones were extended in the wider areas along the River Truman, the Japanese imperialists called them as "cancers of the Orient peace," and they resorted to a punitive operation by putting in huge armed forces to nip them in the bud. The well-known battle in this time was the battle in winter to defend the guerrilla bases in Xiaowangqing between Juche 22 (1933) and Juche 23 (1934). In this punitive operation, the Japanese troops mobilized 5 000-strong crack forces and air units and deployed numerous forces in the guerrilla zones in Yanij, Helung and Hunchun. However, thanks to the taciturn operation conducted by the President to disturb the enemy from the rear, the punitive operation was crashed into pieces and the defensive battle was crowned with a victory. Foundation of the ARF At that time, the movement for the anti-Japanese national united front was conducted in a way that formed the united frontal mass organizations such as mass organizations by class and strata and anti-imperialist unions and later included the various anti-Japanese working people. This resulted in an unaviodable diverse nature in the movement of anti-Japanese national united front. It is only when one standing united front was formed, it became possible to ensure the sufficient party leadership over the united front work thus to develop this movement in a unified way and further strengthen the massive basis for party foundation by closely combining the anti-Japanese armed struggle and mass movement. While wisely leading the preparation work for foundation of the Association for the Restoration of the Fatherland, the President left Nanhutou and he personally drafted the program, statute, and declaration for the foundation of the ARF in the whole march to Donggang. Based on this preparation work, he called the meeting of the military and political cadres of the KPRA at Donggang, Fusong County on May 1-15, Juche 25 (1936). At the meeting, the "10-Point Program of the Association for the Restoration of the Fatherland", the "Statutes of the Association for Restoration of the Fatherland" and the "Inaugural Declaration of the Association for Restoration of the Fatherland" were made public, all of which were personally drafted by the hands of President Kim Il Sung. The 10-Point Program stipulated the following issues; overthrowing the Japanese rule, establishing a genuine Korean people's government, organizing a revolutionary army prepared to fight for independence of Korea, nationalization of industry and land reform, 8-hour working system, sex equality, compulsory free education and other democratic policies. The meeting also decided to issue the ARF's monthly organ called "March 1". On May 5, Juche 25 (1936), the ARF was declared in its foundation and he was highly held as its president. The ARF was a comprehensive and integral united frontal organization with its own independent system enabling itself to rally the anti-Japanese patriotic forces of all strata and was a strong underground revolutionary organization that could conduct more active anti-Japanese national liberation struggle. And this was also an anti-Japanese national united front in which the party leadership was ensured. Pochonbo Battle In the latter half of the 1930s, a new type of guerrilla bases was formed near Mt. Paektu. As the time drew to late autumn in Juche 25 (1936), in the thick forest of Mt. Paektu, secure network of secret camps were formed. Frontline secret camps were stretched out to the shoulder of Mt. Paektu while rear secret camps were extended to the wide surroundings of Mt. Paektu. As these secret camps were extended, the Korean People's Revolutionary Army could expand its own military and political activities deep into the homeland based on the camps and the leadership of President Kim Il Sung and party over the Korean revolution at large could be further strengthened and the party founding preparatory work could be further accelerated on a nationwide scale with the anti-Japanese armed struggle. Being in a great awe and discomfort over the advance of the Korean People's Revolutionary Army into the homeland, the Japanese troops threw in "punitive" troops in the areas of Rivers Amnok and Tuman laying the main stress on Mt. Paektu. Being relied on the superb guerrilla tactics, the KPRA units waged one battle another in the southwestern part of Mt. Paektu ranging from November Juche 25 (1936) to February next year giving a death blow to the enemy militarily and politically. In the meeting held at Sujiang in March Juche 26 (1937), it was decided that a large unit would launch attack against the Japanese imperialists in Korea. The KPRA thus advanced to the fatherland. The main unit led by the President passed through the heavily-guarded border and launched attack on Pochonbo at night on June 4, Juche 26 (1937). The KPRA wiped out the enemy's ruling organs including the police sub-station and the sub-county administrative office and instilled in the people a firm confidence in victory. The President delivered a speech to the cheering crowd in which he called for an all-out nationwide struggle against Japanese imperialists; the speech was entitled "Let's fight staunchly for the restoration of fatherland". The battle of Pochonbo not only demonstrated that Korea was still alive but also placed hope in the hearts of the people that Korea could gain national independence and achieve national liberation if all the people fought for it. Liberation of Korea On July 7, Juche 26 (1937), Japan invaded Chinese mainland, having cooked up the so-called "Lugougiao Incident". In an attempt to finish the Sino-Japan War in the shortest possible period and prepare for another war, Japanese imperialists intensified the fascist oppression the crackdown and exploitation of Korean people as never before The President wisely led the struggle to check. and defeat the Japanese aggression and accelerate the cause of national I iberation. He presided over the Napaizi meeting late in Juche 27 (1938) in order to tackle the difficulties standing in the way of the Korean revolution and put forward proposals for the continued upsurge in the revolution. In a strategic move to actively unfold military and political activities near the border around Mt. Paektu, the KPRA units left Napaizi for the area. This march was recorded in history as the unprecedented "Arduous March". The main unit of the KPRA crossed River Amnok and moved into the homeland in May Juche 28 (1939). Cornered by the KPRA's activities in the Musan area and in the area northeast of Mt. Paektu, the Japanese imperialists mobilized over 200 000-strong army to launch the so-called "Large Scale Punitive Operations". The President proposed the large unit circuit operations to counter the enemy's moves. In response to his order, the KPRA units launched the large unit circuit operations and dealt a telling blow to the enemies. The World War II that started with Fascist Germany's invasion upon Poland in September Juche 28 (1939) rapidly spread across the world.Without completing their war on Chinese mainland, the Japanese imperialists were also trying to launch a new war in Southeast Asia. In August Juche 39 (1940), the President who penetrated deep into domestic and foreign situations, convened the meeting of military and political cadres of the KPRA at Xiaohaerbaling, where he set out the new strategic line of switching over small unit activities from large unit activities to meet the great event of national liberation flexibly, having clarified that the fall of Japanese imperialism was inevitable. As the final battle drew nearer, the KPRA's small unit operations worked on positively. After the defeat of Fascist Germany, the preparation for the final battle of national liberation was in a full swing. The dawn of national liberation was breaking. On the basis of mapping out the detailed plan for the final offensive operation, the President gave orders to all the units of the KPRA to launch the general attack for national liberation. The KPRA units smashed Japanese imperialists and advanced into the homeland. The KPRA small units and political workers who were already dispatched operating in the theatre organized and agitated armed units consisting of people, organizations for the armed rebellion and the popular masses to armed uprising. They mounted attacks on Japanese ruling bodies all over the country, disturbed the enemy's rear and supported the operations of the advancing KPRA units. Under the fierce attacks mounted by the KPRA and active nation-wide uprising, Japan declared its unconditional surrender on 15 August, Juche 34 (1945). The heroic anti-Japanese armed struggle of the Korean revolutionaries and people led by President Kim Il Sung achieved a brilliant victory, and thus Korea was liberated.

Psychological warfare. World religions created to enslave mankind, aid in fomenting wars, and elevate ruling families. Western media peddles lies and brainwashes the populace.

 History is a litany of lies and perversions of truth.

Wars are unnecessary, vile, and forced on humanity. Forced mass poisoning of population. Worldwide eugenics holocaust. Global central bankers.

Century of warfare all scripted to bring about totalitarian world government now in its final stages.

Diplomatic Peoples Republic of Korea one of the last proxy wars left leading to the final war of Armageddon, all brought to you by an unnecessary and heinous agenda purporting to be of some merit but bringing only ruin despair and destruction.

Welcome to the new american century of abounding hypocrisy, treasonous lies, and genocidal war criminals leading the charge against the few countries not willing to subject their populations to the sycophantic control and forced poisoning NWO agenda 21. Welcome to Hell on Earth.

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